Stereo system radio electronics alarms tinting #auto #plac

#auto audio

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Audio-Sound has been installing custom car stereo systems since 1975. Yes that’s true, we have been open since 1975 when 8 tracks were still around. We are authorized dealers for Kenwood, Alpine, SoundStream, Powerbass, and Jensen.

We have a showroom you can mix and match head units, speakers, or subs until you get the right combination, to fit your specific needs. We are a full line authorized dealer of all Powerbass, Kenwood Audio, Jensen, Alpine, and SoundStream products. We are also dealers for satellite radio both Sirius and XM. We offer iPod integration, remote start, keyless entry installations. Drop off service available or get your car Tinted while you wait. We Tint all make and models. Please stop by or call for more information.

In the meantime you can reach us at 502-448-5606. We are looking forward to hearing from you.

If you are not familiar with our company and your first contact with us is online: We would be pleased to hear from you!

Ssae 16 Type Ii #is #ssae #16 #needed,reports,reviewing #ssae #16,ssae #16,ssae #16 #audit #review,ssae #16 #review,ssae #16 #review #checklist,ssae #16 #reviews,ssae #review,ssae #reviews,ssae-18,ssae16,ssae16 #review,standards,third #party #ssae #guidance #review,who #is #required #to #have #a #ssae #16,who #is #required #to #have #ssae #16,why #get #ssae #16,audit #intensedebate,leave #a #reply: #name #(required): #website: #comments: #submit, #moderation,\’leave #a #reply\’ #\’name #(required)\’ #\’mail #(will #not #be #published) #(required)\’ #\’website\’ #it #services,controls,how #do #you #prepare #for #an #ssae #16 #audit,how #to #prepare #for #a #ssae #16,how #to #prepare #for #an #ssae #16 #audit,new #avenues #for #ssae #16,preparing #for #a #ssae #16,preparing #for #ssae #16,report #writing,ssae #16 #audit #preparation,ssae #16 #consulting #do #we #need,ssae #16 #preparation,ssae #16 #report,ssae #no. #16,example #soc #1 #report,soc #1,soc #1 #report,soc #1 #reports,soc #1 #type #2,soc #1 #type #2 #report,soc #1 #type #ii #report,soc #2,soc #3,soc #i,soc #report,soc #reporting,soc #type,soc #type #1 #report,soc-1 #report,soc1,soc1 #report,soc1 #reporting,soc1 #soc2,ssae #16 #reports,ssae #16 #soc #1,ssae16 #compliant #soc #1,system #and #organization #control #report,what #is #a #soc #1 #report,what #is #a #soc1 #report,what #is #ssae #16 #soc #1 #and #soc #2 #difference,at-c #320,cost,definition #soc #1 #ssae #16,how #ssea #16 #helps #auditors,prices,pricing,soc #1 #audit,ssae #16 #audit,ssae #16 #audit #checklist,ssae #16 #audit #report,ssae #16 #audit #requirements,ssae #16 #auditing #standard,ssae #16 #auditor,ssae #16 #checklist,ssae #16 #cost,ssae #16 #costs,ssae #16 #prices,ssae #17 #audit,ssae #18 #report,ssae #soc #auditing #and #reporting,ssae16 #audit,ssae16 #audit #report,ssae16 #checkilst,what #is #a #ssae #16 #audit,what #is #ssae #16 #audit,what #is #ssae16 #audit,what #is #the #purpose #of #a #ssae #16 #audit?


The SSAE 18 Reporting Standard SOC 1 SOC 2 SOC 3 Support and Guidance for SSAE18, SOC 1, SOC 2, and SOC 3 reporting standards

Some organizations have heard of SAS 70, SSAE 16. and soon to be SSAE 18. but, don t really know WHY they need to pay to have a bunch of auditors trounce through their company for a month or two during the year, especially right after their financial audit just finished.
The answer is simple: Many companies will not even think about using your company to perform services for them without a clean Type II Report in place.
Some benefits of having an SSAE 16 performed :

  • Ability to perform outsourcing services for Public Companies.
    • If performing financially significant duties for a Public Company, they are required to use a SSAE 16 qualified provider as it is the only way to give investors assurance over controls that are not performed by the Company in question.
  • Public and Private companies are more likely to trust your organization with their data.
    • If you were to trust a company with your data, you would want complete assurance it will be handled with the utmost care
  • A year round accessible knowledge source (your auditors).
    • As a service organization, large or small, you will always have questions regarding your business and having a set of auditors in place with access to a wide array of business knowledge, it will allow you to bounce your questions and concerns off of a group of trusted individuals.
  • A third party to review your controls and activities to ensure they are functioning appropriately, and give advice on how to improve upon them.
    • Sometimes your internal audit department is good, but, not always as stringent as they should be. This will help to serve as a check on their work, as well as your staff. Additionally, if there were any findings noted, your auditors are in a great position to give you some tricks and tips to improve to ensure everything functions well the following period.
  • Improving performance of the organization.
    • Just the knowledge that a review is being performed of an employee s work that can have far reaching consequences for the company as a whole. No more, Oh, I didn t realize that reviewing user access was THAT important to do this month, sorry , now, everyone knows that if it s not done, the success or failure of the organization could rest upon them.

Think of the SSAE 16 or SSAE-18 audit as an annual investment into your company, increasing potential new clients. productivity and accountability .

This tip is focused on designing controls that reflect the process being testing, if they don t, a headache of massive proportions will be created once testing begins.
What do you do to make sure you don t screw this up? Have as many meetings as it takes to get it right.
What you need to do is sit down with the auditors, the department lead, the main employees responsible for performing the process, and anyone else whom could either play a role in testing or modifying the control in the future. Once that is done, Management should discuss what they determined the control to be and how it should operate, that is then reviewed by the auditors, and then the employees performing the tasks should be reconsulted to verify that the control still reflects their process accurately.
Many times people try to speed this process up and half-ass it, leaving many open items which upon testing could easily blow up into a huge problem. When the control isn t 100% agreed upon prior to testing and a deviation is noted, it s a tough call between failing the control and the ability to adjust it to accurately reflect the process. The problem is modifying a control after testing has begun is not proper and needs to be avoided at all costs.
Locking the controls locked down early on could save weeks in wrapping up your new SSAE 16 Report.
We have seen issues like this cause delays in issuing of the report to the client and running additional fees, since adjusting controls isn t free. Coming from the perspective of the auditor, we can let you know the pitfalls, consequences and how to best navigate the audit process. If you have any comments or questions please leave them below!

A SOC 1 Report (System and Organization Controls Report ) is a report on Controls at a Service Organization which are relevant to user entities’ internal control over financial reporting. The SOC1 Report is what you would have previously considered to be the standard SAS70, complete with a Type I and Type II reports, but falls under the SSAE 16 guidance (and soon to be SSAE 18 ).

Please see the following articles discussing the SSAE 16 guidance and additional information related to the SOC 1 (Type I and Type II) Reports:

In addition to the SOC 1 report which is restricted to controls relevant to an audit of a user entity’s financial statements, the SOC 2 and SOC 3 reports have been created to address controls relevant to operations and compliance and will be discussed in further detail in the future.

Please see the SOC 1 Reporting Guide page for additional information.

SSAE 16 is an enhancement to the current standard for Reporting on Controls at a Service Organization, the SAS70. The changes made to the standard will bring your company, and the rest of the companies in the US, up to date with new international service organization reporting standards, the ISAE 3402. The adjustments made from SAS 70 to SSAE 16 will help you and your counterparts in the US compete on an international level; allowing companies around the world to give you their business with complete confidence .

SSAE16 is now effective as of June 15, 2011, and if you have not made the necessary adjustments required, now is the time to find a quality provider to discuss the proper steps. All organizations are now required to issue their Service Auditor Reports under the SSAE 16 standards in an SOC 1 Report.

The soon to be effective, SSAE-18. is expected to follow a similar reporting structure to the SSAE-16 within a SOC 1 report.

Who Needs an SSAE 16 (SOC 1 ) Audit?

If your Company (the Service Organization ) performs outsourced services that affect the financial statements of another Company (the User Organization ), you will more than likely be asked to provide an SSAE16 Type II Report, especially if the User Organization is publicly traded.
Some example industries include:

  • Payroll Processing
  • Loan Servicing
  • Data Center /Co-Location/Network Monitoring Services
  • Software as a Service (SaaS )
  • Medical Claims Processors

What you Need to Know:

Before starting the SSAE 16 process, there are a number of considerations one must take into account that can save considerable time, effort, and money in the long run. Use the following items as a mini checklist for yourself:

  • Does my Company need an SSAE16, or, are we doing it just because someone asked?
  • Reports on the low end can run at least $15,000 a year, will the business lost be less of a burden than the cost of the report itself?
  • Does your company have defined Business Process and IT controls in place, or, will you need assistance developing and implementing them (readiness assessment)?
  • Have you determined the controls in place which affect the outsourced services being provided?
  • Have key stakeholders been defined and included in discussions?

There are many other issues to consider before engaging a CPA firm to help with your SSAE 16, for a more detailed checklist please see The SSAE 16 Checklist

You may have heard SSAE-18 is on the horizon for reports issued as of May 1, 2017. There are some important updates discussed in here: SSAE-18 An Update to SSAE-16 .

As the standard is formalized and the date approaches we will continue to provide more information to help you prepare for these changes.

SIP – What does SIP stand for? The Free Dictionary #sip #based #phone #system


References in periodicals archive ?

The SIP functionality of RADVISION’s viaIP MCU was publicly demonstrated at this week’s VON (Voice On Net) in San Jose, CA in the Microsoft Developers Pavilion, supporting videoconferencing between Microsoft Windows Messenger SIP -based video end-points (laptops).

NASDAQ: FFIV), the global leader in Application Delivery Networking, today announced that its BIG-IP[R] SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) Load Balancing Solution has won Internet Telephony’s Product of the Year Award, recognizing the greatest achievements in the advancement of VoIP and IP telecommunications technologies on the basis of evident vision, leadership, and attention to detail.

SIP is the new protocol that enables real-time messaging, voice, data and video and is the next-generation of Voice-Over-IP (VOIP).

Sumitomo Electric Networks (SEN) is proud to deploy Trillium SIP protocol software in leading Japanese carriers to support NGN services,” said Minoru Kuramoto, general manager of SEN’s Technologies Group.

The SIP Center covers a number of key areas pertaining to the development of SIP. including background materials, a test platform, developer tools, forums, FAQs, News, Event Diary, White Papers and a product catalogue.

The event will bring together the semiconductor supply chain to articulate challenges and opportunities for a variety of markets and products using SiP technologies.

An embedded private branch exchange device that communicates with client stations via SIP. the SMC IP-PBX works with various IP phones (desktop, Wi-Fi, DECT), voice-over-IP (VoIP) gateways, and analog telephone adapters to route calls among client phones, analog phones, and the PSTN network.

Easy transition from Class 5 to SIP Softswitches with subscriber-by-subscriber assignment

The platform is based on the widely deployed SIP Express Router that Tekelec acquired through the purchase of iptelorg in 2005.

Businesses now have the opportunity to combine a cost-effective SIP hard phone with a PC-based multimedia soft-client to enable traditional grip-and-talk telephony as well as advanced, PC-based telephony applications at a comparable cost to current VoIP offerings.

SIPit is a week-long event, held twice a year, to improve the quality of the SIP specification and forge global interoperability among SIP implementations.

With its recent designation as “Avaya Compliant,” Covergence can now solve this challenge by offering its Eclipse SIP security and management solutions for customers using Avaya IP telephony products.

Beat Traffic Tickets #trouble #ticket #system


How to Beat Traffic Tickets

Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and California are on the top four states in terms of driving citations. In the United States, there are 196,000,000 licensed drivers as of 2013. Out of this number, 112,000 receive speeding tickets on the daily average. This means 41,000,000 drivers get traffic tickets annually. About $6,232,000,000 comes from payment for speeding tickets. A speeding ticket costs around $100 and annually the average revenue per police officer amounts to $300,000.

Traffic tickets are intended to be deterrents to traffic violations to ensure safety and order on the road. Yet even when most Americans are licensed drivers, many have occasionally committed mistakes and with the automated cameras on strategic intersections, you just can’t escape not being punished for a wrong turn or for speeding.

So how do you beat traffic tickets? The first thing to do is to be aware how traffic tickets work, regardless whether your traffic violation is in court or you simply desire to know traffic rules and avoid any violations.

What are traffic tickets?

This is a notice being issued by police officers to motorists or road users who are accused of violating traffic rules.

In the US, different states, counties and municipalities have codified laws or ordinances and most minor violations are cited as civil infractions. Examples of these minor offenses are non-moving violations, defective vehicle equipment, improper vehicle equipment, seat belt and child-restraint seat violations, or insufficient license proof including registration and insurance.

What are the types of violations?

There are three types of traffic tickets:

  1. A moving violation like exceeding road speed limit, running a red light or stop sign and DWI/DUI
  2. Non-moving violation such as parking violation or illegal parking
  3. Strict liability offenses such as driving with broken or burned-out headlights, illegal U-turn, negligence to yield and parking without authorization in a handicap space.

What to do to beat traffic tickets?

When a traffic officer stops you for a violation, your attitude is your best defense.

  • Be polite. Always be respectful. Be calm and non-threatening. Do not act arrogant. Aggressiveness and fighting with the police officer will just get you more into trouble. It is good if you roll down your window and put your hands on the steering wheel. Do not attempt to move as this might make the police officer more suspicious.
  • Let the officer finish the basics. Wait for him to ask you questions. As standard questions, he will ask “Do you know why I stopped you?” and your answer should be politely “No, officer I don’t.” The second question is “Do you know how fast you are going?” You can answer any of the following: (a) “I’m not sure, officer.” (b) “I think, it’s my speed limit.” (c) “I wasn t speeding, I checked my speedometer right before you stopped me.” Then, he will usually ask for your driver’s license and car registration. Hand him whatever he asks for.
  • Do not accept guilt. Simply answer “yes” or “no” to his questions. If you have established rapport, you can ask for mercy or consideration. Make it sincere and let him see that this is very important for you. However, when he finally gives you a ticket for your offense, don’t argue. Your argument may be used against you in court.
  • Follow court guidelines. Usually traffic tickets are tried by mail. You can submit a letter claiming your innocence and the police officer will also do the same. Traffic police don’t bother to do the paperwork, so you can win by default. If you lose, however, you can ask for an in-person trial and request for traffic school or pay penalties or fine.
  • Plead your case. As mentioned earlier, plead as “not guilty”. When you do, you will be assigned to a court to continue with the trial. There are instances when the officer may not show up. So again you win because the case may be dismissed. However, in many cities with a large turnout, the judge can decide to simply reduce your offense to lesser charges by reducing points on your driving records, or in county ordinances, no points will be placed on your record.

Some traffic violators think they can beat traffic tickets using websites offering paid service to assist you with your traffic tickets. Can they really help? Here s an article to guide you before you decide to use websites to fight traffic tickets .

Let Your Computer Do the Dialing #dialing #system


Let Your Computer Do the Dialing

Let Your Computer Do the Dialing

Have you ever used Phone Dialer? Maybe you didn t even know that Windows had it. It can be used to dial common numbers or just to avoid the hassle of holding the phone while you dial and wait for someone to answer. If your computer has a phone line hooked up to it you can have your computer dial the number for you, then just pick up your phone and talk.

Windows 98/ME has it listed under Start /Programs /Accessories /Communications /Phone Dialer. If you don t find this feature on your Win 98, you will need to dig through the closet for your install disk to add the feature. Windows 95 has it under the Accessories submenu.

You can save your eight most frequently called numbers by clicking one of the Speed Dial buttons and entering a name and telephone number.

Phone Dialer can also keep a log of all outgoing telephone calls made with the program. To log calls, go to Tools /Show Log to display the Call Log window. Select Log /Options and check the Incoming Calls check box. This will keep track of who you called and when.

The last twenty dialed numbers are retained on a history list, which can be recalled or edited. About twenty calling card options are built-in, plus more can be created as needed.

This older version was much more of a novelty than a truly useful application. Any good address book program, like our Personal Phonebook Plus download, has a dialing feature plus you can include addresses, make detailed notes about calls, print labels, etc.

BUT the Phone Dialer included in Windows XP is more than just the simple speed dial novelty of Win 9x. Not only can it be used for speed-dialing with standard phone lines, but also for voice conferencing and video conferencing over network connections.

To start Phone Dialer, Go to Start / Run and type dialer (without the quotes). If you want to make a shortcut, search for Dialer.exe it should be in the Windows NT folder.

The first thing you ll notice is the absence of phone buttons. To make a voice call, all you need is the recipient s phone number, IP address, or DNS (Domain Name System) name. Phone Dialer lets you make calls with a telephone connected to your computer, through a modem, over a network, through a telephone switch connected to your local area network (LAN), or an Internet address.

With a sound card and microphone you don t even need a telephone. Add a webcam and make video calls or do video conferencing. You can even receive calls while you work on the computer if you have Phone Dialer open.

I could spend all day talking about its features and how to use it. If you decide to use Phone Dialer in XP, I suggest that you go to Help / Index and read up on how it works for yourself. Some of the features require a bit of skill.

This entry was posted on Thursday, November 11th, 2004 at 3:30 PM and is filed under Uncategorized. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response. or trackback from your own site. 443

Best pbx phone system for small business #best #pbx #phone #system #for #small #business, #pbx #and #sip

PBX and SIP Phone Systems

‘ Panasonic has been a market leader in the business telephone industry for over 25 years. The latest product line-up offers high quality phone communications solutions for a broad range of business applications, from simple analogue systems, and smaller digital systems suitable for small or new businesses, through to advanced IP based Network Communications Platforms capable of handling multiple locations across the globe and supporting mobile communication with staff wherever they may be.

Access the advantages of SIP technology through flexible Panasonic Telephone Systems

Choosing a Panasonic telephone system that is flexible, easy to deploy, compatible with leading soft-switch technology and capable of growing with your business will help keep your systems installation costs down and ensure you can effectively communicate with your staff and customers.

With a wide choice of telephone system options, voicemail, handset and conference phone options we can help you create a telephone system suited to your needs and the demands of the working environments your staff encounter. Whether you want a system capable of providing High Definition VoIP calls for a few users through wired or wireless handsets, or a multi site system that can facilitate working and communicating from mobile devices across the world, all controlled by the latest technology communication platforms, Panasonic have the expertise to advise you and build a SIP phone system for you which will support you and your business effectively.

Leading Telephone Systems are just a call away

Online Journal of Public Health Informatics #health #informatics #international, #artificial #intelligence; #biomedical #ethics; #clinical #decision #support #system; #clinical #information #systems; #ehealth; #ehr; #phr; #geographic #information #systems; #public #health #informatics; #disease #surveillance; #datamining; #telemedicine; #cloud #computing; #coop


Online Journal of Public Health Informatics

Interest in informatics as a specialty in the health sciences disciplines reflects the central role that information collection, analysis, and utilization now play in the healthcare sector. New public health threats such as bioterrorism and flu pandemics will demand an improved infrastructure for disseminating information about best practices. The Online Journal of Public Health Informatics (OJPHI) strives to satisfy the growing need for a public health informatics knowledge portal by practitioners, researchers, educators, and policy makers. It is a quarterly open access, open source, peer-reviewed journal.

The emergence of public health informatics as a professional specialty is part of a larger development of informatics in related health fields, such as medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and dentistry. Interest in informatics as a specialty in these areas reflects the importance that information collection, analysis, evaluation, and utilization now play in the health care sector. New public health threats such as bioterrorism and influenza pandemics will demand an improved infrastructure for disseminating information about best practices. In response to the new role of health-related informatics, journals have been created in medicine and nursing informatics to service the growing professional audience in these fields. The Online Journal of Public Health Informatics (OJPHI) is the newest of these specialty journals. The mission of the journal is to satisfy the growing need for public health informatics knowledge portal and knowledge base of best practices among health practitioners, researchers, educators, and policy makers in developed and developing countries. OJPHI also explores the socio-economic, ethical, and legal impacts of informatics applications in public health. The journal will be published three times a year. It is an open access, open source, peer-reviewed journal based on Open Journal Systems.


New York City Small Claims Court> #court, #courts, #new #york, #new #york #state, #new #york #city, #nyc, #nys, #ny, #ucs, #oca, #new #york #state #unified #court #system, #unified #court #system, #office #of #court #administration, #ecourts, #e-courts, #casetrac, #case #trac, #casetrak, #case #trak, #casetrack, #case #track, #future #court #appearance #system, #webcrims, #county, #civil, #family, #housing, #commercial, #supreme, #appeals, #appellate, #claims, #small #claims, #divorce, #law, #litigant, #litigation, #attorney, #lawyer, #cle, #juror, #jury, #jury #duty, #judge, #chief #judge, #justice, #judicial, #judiciary, #legal #forms, #court #rules, #decisions, #jury #charges, #law #libraries, #legal #research, #court #news, #town #court


Starting a Case

Anyone 18 years of age or over can sue in Small Claims Court. If you are younger than 18, your parent or guardian may sue on your behalf. Only an individual can sue in Small Claims Court. Corporations, partnerships, associations, or assignees cannot sue in Small Claims Court. However, they can be sued in Small Claims Court. If you are a corporation, partnership, association or assignee, you can bring a Commercial Claim or Consumer Transaction. For more information, click on Commercial Claims and Consumer Transactions.

In general, the person suing is called the claimant. The person being sued is called the defendant. You may sue more than one person at the same time.

You must be the proper person to sue in Small Claims Court. For example, if you are involved in an accident while driving an automobile that is not registered in your name, you cannot sue for the damage caused to the automobile during the accident. Only the registered owner of the automobile can sue for the damages caused to the automobile.

To learn more about bringing a Small Claims Court case, continue reading below. You can also read the law on this procedure, by clicking on Civil Court Act section 1803 .

Where to Sue: Venue

A claimant must begin the lawsuit in the proper county. In general, a claimant can sue in the county where either party resides. If no party resides within the City, the action can be brought in the county where either party has employment or a business address. If the defendant does not have a residence, employment, or have a business address within the City of New York, you cannot bring the lawsuit in the Small Claims Court. To find the location in your county, click on Locations .

Starting the Case

To begin an action in Small Claims Court, a person, or someone acting on his or her behalf, must come to the Small Claims Court Clerk s office in the proper county and fill out a statement of claim. To find out where the clerk s office is located in your county, click on Locations. To find out when the Small Claims Court Clerk s office is open, click on Court Hours. You may also use an outside service to fill out your statement of claim and electronically file it with the Court. If you are interested in starting your case this way, click on electronic filing .

The person filling out the statement of claim must be able to explain the reason for the lawsuit, know the amount of the claim, and have the correct name and address, including zip code, of the person or business that is being sued. If you are not sure of the correct name of the business, you should go to the County Clerk s office in the county where the business is located and look up the certificate of doing business, photocopy the certificate and bring it to the court. The person filling out the statement of claim must be able to explain the reason for the lawsuit, know the amount of the claim, and have the correct name and address, including zip code, of the person or business that is being sued. If you are not sure of the correct name of the business, you should go to the County Clerk s office in the county where the business is located and look up the certificate of doing business, photocopy the certificate and bring it to the court. View and print the small claims claim form.

You can watch a short tutorial to explain how to fill in the form.

Small Claims Form Instructions:
Video (run time: 4:52 minutes/seconds, Windows Media format )
Written Transcript

You will have to pay the court fee to file your claim. If your claim is for an amount up to and including $1,000.00, there is a fee of $15.00. If your claim is for an amount over $1,000.00 and up to $5,000.00, there is a fee of $20.00. The fee must be paid by cash, certified check, money order or bank check made out to Clerk of the Civil Court. Personal checks will not be accepted.

The clerk will give you a date for the hearing. Small Claims Court hearings are usually held at 6:30 p.m. If you are a senior citizen, a disabled person, or a person who works during the evening, you may request that your small claims hearing be heard during the day. You or the person appearing on your behalf must show proof of age, or disability, or nighttime employment. The proof can be in the form of a letter from your job or from a doctor, a driver s license showing your birth date, or other similar documents.

If you live outside the City of New York and want to sue a party within the City of New York, you may file your claim by mail. Contact the Small Claims Court Clerk s office in the county where the defendant lives, works or has a place of business to obtain the necessary form.

The court system does not provide electronic filing at this time. However, several private vendors provide this service. The service provided by each of the vendors is different, and you must review their requirements. We advise that you review this entire website, as it offers a lot of information on how to proceed with your case.

The current vendors are:

Notifying the Defendant

After your claim is filed, the Small Claims Court clerk will serve a notice of your claim by sending it to the defendant. The notice of claim tells the defendant when to appear in Small Claims Court, and includes a brief statement of your claim and the amount of money you are requesting.

The notice of your claim will be sent to the defendant by certified mail and by ordinary first class mail. If the notice sent by ordinary first class mail is not returned by the post office within 21 days as undeliverable, the defendant is presumed to have received notice of your claim, even if the notice of claim sent by certified mail has not been delivered.

If the post office cannot deliver the notice of your claim (for example, the defendant may have moved without leaving a forwarding address), the court clerk will give you a new hearing date and will tell you how to arrange for personal delivery of the notice to the defendant. Anyone who is not a party to the small claim and who is 18 years of age or older can personally deliver the notice of claim to the defendant. The claimant or any other party to the action may not serve the notice of claim personally on the defendant.

If the notice of claim cannot be served on the defendant within 4 months after you filed your claim, your claim will be dismissed. If you learn new information about the defendant s location at a later date, you can file your claim again.

A small claims case will not proceed to trial until the defendant has been served with a notice of your claim.

The defendant may want to file a counterclaim. For information about this procedure, click on Counterclaims .

Preparing for Court

Before the date of the hearing, you should gather all the evidence that supports your claim or your defense. Evidence may include: photographs, a written agreement, an itemized bill or invoice marked paid, receipts, at least two itemized written estimates of the cost of services or repairs, a canceled check, a damaged item or article of clothing, or letters or other written documents. If there are records that are not in your possession, you may wish to subpoena them to be produced at the hearing date. For information about this procedure, click on Subpoenas .

You should also prepare any witnesses you plan to testify at the hearing in support of your claim or defense. The testimony of a person who has special or expert knowledge and experience concerning the subject of your claim may be necessary for you to prove your case. For example, if your claim involves the quality of medical care, you must find a doctor who is willing to give an opinion, in court, about the quality of the care you received. While you might find an expert witness who will testify at no cost to you, it is more likely that you will have to pay for an expert witness testimony.

If a witness, other than an expert witness, will not testify voluntarily, you can serve the witness with a subpoena requiring them to appear in court and testify. For information on how to do this, click on Subpoenas.

Wiring Information #phone #system #wiring


Notes: A domestic single line telephone installation will have one master socket which is provided by the service provider (B.T. cable company etc.). A master socket contains a 1.8�F capacitor to pass ringing current to the telephones, a surge arrestor 11A or 26A to suppress high voltage spikes etc. and a 470k ohm resistor for testing purposes. Additional secondary sockets are wired off the master as shown above, the colour codes shown are the standard, but may differ in some existing installations. The wiring diagram for a master LJU socket is shown here. Note that the pictorial view shown above only serves to indicate the two differing types of sockets and wiring connections. Contrary to how it might seem, C1 is connected to terminals 2 3, not 1 4.

In recent years NTE5 or CTE5 Lineboxes are fitted in place of master sockets, these have a removable (lower half) panel which house the terminals to connect wiring to the secondary sockets. � Terminal pins 1 and 6 may be absent on some versions of C/NTE5, but these connections are not normally used anyway. Further NTE5 wiring instructions are contained in this leaflet. The NTE5 tends to have the same components inside as a master LJU, however later NTE5 sockets differ by not having a surge arrestor, have only pins 2, 3, 4 5 or 2, 3 5 connected, they also have a small coil in series with the ‘bell wire’ on pin 3 which acts as a filter.

On older installations (pre-1980) cream or grey cables were used. They contained conductors coloured blue to pin 2, orange to pin 5, brown to pin 3 and green to pin 4 (if used), on some conversions green was used for pin 3 and brown for pin 4.

On some installations of internal extension wiring (post-2012) BT/Openreach have now come full circle and have reverted back to using white four core cable containing solid colours: blue to pin 2, orange to pin 5, brown to pin 3 and green to pin 4 (if used).

Additional Bells are wired between pin 3 (orange/white) and pin 5 (white/blue).

External overhead telephone line colour code: orange / white = line 1; green / black = line 2.

For further information on telephone sockets including NTE5 with ADSL faceplate visit the Line Jacks page.

Benefits of stem cells for treating spinal cord injuries assessed: A realistic hope for spinal cord injury patients – ScienceDaily #somatic #cord, #stem #cells; #nervous #system; #disability; #bone #and #spine; #neuroscience; #stroke; #dementia; #schizophrenia


Benefits of stem cells for treating spinal cord injuries assessed

A realistic hope for spinal cord injury patients

Date: April 29, 2016 Source: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Summary: Stem cell therapy is a rapidly evolving and promising treatment for spinal-cord injuries. According to a new literature review, different types of stem cells vary in their ability to help restore function, and an ideal treatment protocol remains unclear pending further clinical research. Share:

Stem cell therapy is a rapidly evolving and promising treatment for spinal-cord injuries. According to a new literature review, published in the April issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (JAAOS), different types of stem cells vary in their ability to help restore function, and an ideal treatment protocol remains unclear pending further clinical research.

Approximately 230,000 Americans suffer life-changing acute spinal cord injuries each year. These injuries lead to neurological compromise through an inflammatory response and cell death within the spinal cord. But stem cells are considered promising because they are self-renewing human cells that can differentiate into one or more specific cell types. Ideally, treatments for spinal cord injuries would limit existing cell death, stimulate growth from existing cells, and replace injured cells.

“Stem cell treatment is a realistic hope for spinal cord injury patients,” said lead author Gregory D. Schroeder, MD, spine research and clinical fellow at the Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. “There is high-quality basic science research, and clinical trials in humans are underway.”

The authors evaluated research findings on different types of stem cells:

  • Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), most commonly harvested from bone marrow, can prevent activation of inflammatory responses that lead to cell death. Functional recovery using MSCs in spinal cord injury patients has been mixed.
  • Peripheral nervous system stem cells can secrete nerve growth factor to aid cell growth and temporarily act as replacement cells. Limited studies are promising, with one showing marked improvement in sensory scores but no improvement in motor function.
  • Embryonic stem cells, although controversial, are resilient, and many animal studies have shown that embryonic stem cells limit inflammatory responses and promote cell growth. Very few human studies have been published about embryonic stem cell treatment for spinal cord injury patients.
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), derived from adult skin cells, are the newest stem cell being investigated for use in treating spinal cord injuries, but to date, no clinical studies have been published. Early animal studies indicate these cells offer benefits similar to those of embryonic cells without the ethical issues.

Materials provided by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons . Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

  1. Gregory D. Schroeder, Christopher K. Kepler, Alexander R. Vaccaro. The Use of Cell Transplantation in Spinal Cord Injuries. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2016; 24 (4): 266 DOI: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-14-00375

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. “Benefits of stem cells for treating spinal cord injuries assessed: A realistic hope for spinal cord injury patients.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 April 2016. .

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (2016, April 29). Benefits of stem cells for treating spinal cord injuries assessed: A realistic hope for spinal cord injury patients. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 25, 2017 from

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. “Benefits of stem cells for treating spinal cord injuries assessed: A realistic hope for spinal cord injury patients.” ScienceDaily. (accessed June 25, 2017).

Aug. 13, 2015 Researchers are exploring a new therapy using stem cells to treat spinal cord injuries within the first 14 to 30 days of injury. The therapy uses a population of cells derived from human embryonic. read more

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