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‘You can tell by the way I use my walk. ‘

We’re losing the battle against fraudsters who are stealing or guessing our usernames and passwords with increasing success. So could analysing the quirky ways we use our devices – even the way we walk – provide an additional line of defence?

These days you can’t walk down a busy street without bumping into smartphone zombies oblivious to the world around them.

But little do they know that the way they walk, hold and interact with their mesmeric devices could be telling service providers exactly who they are.

This is the amazing new world of behavioural biometrics, the latest front in the cyber-security war.

“By using the accelerometers and gyroscopes in your phone we can gauge your wrist strength, your gait, and we can tell you apart from most other people with a one in 20,000 accuracy – roughly equivalent to the accuracy of a fingerprint,” says Zia Hayat, chief executive of Callsign, a behavioural biometrics firm.

So even if a fraudster has stolen your bank log-in details or downloaded malware onto your phone, such behavioural software should be able to spot that it’s not really you trying to make that money transfer to a foreign bank.

These behavioural idiosyncrasies are as unique as our voices, tech firms say. This is why Morse code operators could be identified simply by the individual way they tapped out messages.

Eyal Goldwerger, chief executive of BioCatch, another behavioural biometrics company, says: “Authentication is all well and good but if fraudsters are already inside your system it’s no use. Most instances of banking fraud occur after user authentication has taken place.”

The way humans interact with devices is very different to the way malware operates, so even if your phone is infected, lying in wait for you to log in before hi-jacking your secure transaction, behavioural biometrics should be able to spot the difference.

Image copyright Callsign Image caption Callsign boss Zia Hayat says behavioural biometrics is “intelligence-driven authentication”

“If the phone isn’t moving but is being operated, you might assume malware is working it,” says Mr Hayat.

“We can even measure air pressure using the barometer on the latest smartphones, which can give us another indication of where the phone is and whether that corresponds to where the user says he is.”

Even the size of your fingers – how much surface is covered when you tap on the screen – can help build up a pretty accurate signature profile, he says.

Perhaps understandably, it is banks who are most interested in this new extra layer of security – Callsign lists Lloyds Banking Group and Deutsche Bank among its customers.

Such behavioural specialists, including firms such as Behaviosec, NuData Security, and Zighra, are also partnering with cyber-security companies that specialise in managing identities.

Callsign’s technology integrates with ForgeRock’s ID management platform, for example.

“We’re moving to a password-less world,” says ForgeRock chief executive Mike Ellis. “So these days we need multiple layers of authentication, and behavioural biometrics is one of those layers.

“Identifying the device, its geo-location, and typical behaviour is another layer.”

Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Cybersecurity companies say even the way we tap on a phone can reveal our identity

More banks are rolling out voice authentication as a more secure and less intrusive way for customers to establish their identity.

“[With the help of] neural networks and machine learning, authentication accuracy has risen from 98% to 99%,” says Brett Beranek, director of product strategy at Nuance, a voice biometrics specialist.

But even he acknowledges the need for another layer of post-authentication behavioural security to protect users against malware-infected phones.

As well as physical behaviours, such as the speed with which we type and swipe, there are psychological ones, too, says Mr Goldwerger – the choices we make unconsciously when navigating a web page, for example.

“The way you decide to scroll down a page – using the mouse scroll wheel or clicking on the webpage sidebar and dragging – can be indicative that this is you accessing the website and not somebody else,” he says.

BioCatch says it measures more than 500 parameters when a user interacts with a digital device.

Using machine-learning techniques, the company says it can build a unique profile of a user’s behavioural idiosyncrasies after just 10 minutes of interaction.

Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Is behavioural biometrics a threat to our privacy?

But behavioural biometrics are not intended to replace existing biometric authentication methods, such as voice, fingerprint or selfie, but to complement them, says Mr Goldwerger.

The advantage of this type of security is that “everything we do is seamless and frictionless – it all happens in the background without the user knowing,” he says.

The software can spot suspicious activity about 98% of the time, he adds.

But what about privacy? If companies like this can know who I am simply by monitoring my online behaviour, is anonymity a thing of the past?

Could what started out as a way to find terrorists hiding behind encrypted communications become a way to identify us all, whether we like it or not?

Mr Goldwerger insists that BioCatch technology does not see any user’s personally identifiable information and the client – usually a bank – doesn’t get to see the anonymised behaviour profile BioCatch produces.

“All the bank sees is a risk score for that user session, and all we see is an ID number associated with that person,” he says.

Callsign’s Zia Hayat says his company does the same thing, principally to comply with existing data protection legislation.

But what if a fraudster steals someone else’s identity and sets up a new account from scratch? Behavioural biometrics won’t be any use surely if there’s no previous user behaviour to compare it with?

BioCatch, which has partnered with credit reference agency Experian, thinks that even in this situation behavioural analysis can help.

“Fraudsters will be less familiar and fluent with the data they’re asked to produce because it’s not theirs,” says Mr Goldwerger.

“We can spot that, and we can notice the different way they fill in application forms because they do it so often.”

Related Topics


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PDF Document Management 14: Add a Digital Signature into PDF Document

A digital signature (ID). like a conventional handwritten signature, identifies the person signing a document. Unlike a handwritten signature, a digital signature is difficult to forge because it contains encrypted information that is unique to the signer and easily verified. It is usually password protected and can be stored on your computer in PKCS #12 file format (Personal Information Exchange File, PFX).

When you buy a new digital signature, you get .spc file that contains the certificate and .pvk file that contains your private keys. U se Microsoft command-line tool Pvk2Pfx to convert them into a PFX file. See detail here.

The following command generates the .pfx file Mypfxfile.pfx from Mypvkfile.pvk and Myspcfile.spc. The command supplies the password mypassword for the .pvk file, which becomes the password for the .pfx file Mypfxfile.pfx:

pvk2pfx -pvk mypvkfile.pvk -pi mypassword -spc myspcfile.spc -pfx mypfxfile.pfx

This function can create document-level Digital Signature that apply to the entire document.

Here are the steps on how to Add Digital Signature into PDF Document.

2. Select a PFX file with digital signature.

3. The Create Digital Signature to Document dialog box comes up:

  • Select a File. Select a PFX file with digital signature.
  • Enter Password. The password for the digital ID.
  • Allow Multiple Signatures. If checked, the signature and all the other content will be added as a new revision thus not invalidating existing signatures.
  • Keystore Type. The specified keystore type. pkcs12 is the most common type.
  • Keystore Provider. Sets the Cryptographic Service Provider that will sign the document. Leave it empty for pkcs12 type.
  • Signed Type. The mode can be Self signed (Adobe.PPKLite). VeriSign plug-in (VeriSign.PPKVS) and Windows Certificate Security (Adobe.PPKMS).
  • Certification Level. The certification level can be NOT_CERTIFIED. CERTIFIED_NO_CHANGES_ALLOWED. CERTIFIED_FORM_FILLING and CERTIFIED_FORM_FILLING_AND_ANNOTATIONS .
  • Reason. Sets the signing reason.
  • Location. Sets the signing location.
  • Contact. Sets the signing contact.
  • Appearance.
    • Visible. Sets the signature to be visible on the Position of the selected Page.
    • Page Number. Select the page number for the digital signature.
    • Appearance: There are 4 Options: Description Only, Signer Name and Description, Signature Image and Description, and Signature Image only.
    • Let/Right/Top/Bottom. The position for the digital signature.
    • Use Signature Image. Set the signature image if the Appearance option is Signature Image and Description
    • Use Background Image. Set the background image. Leave it blank if no background image.
    • Background Image Scale. Set the scaling to be applied to the background image.

4. Click Close to finish.

Question 1: The Validity of digital signature is displayed as UNKNOWN inside Adobe Reader, how to make Signature Valid ?

Answer:
1. Click inside the signature with Validity Unknown ;
2. The dialog of Signature Validity Status will show up. Click Signature Properties ;
3. From Dialog Signature Properties . click Show Signer’s Certificate ;
4. From Dialog Certificate Viewer , click Trust Tab and then click Add to Trusted Certificates ;
5. Import Contact Settings will come up, click OK.
6. Close Adobe Reader and open your PDF again. You will see the Signature Valid .

Question 2: How to remove the imported digital signature from my computer?

Answer:
1. Open Adobe Reader= Edit Menu= Preferences= Signatures= Identities Trusted Certificates= More;
2. Dialog Digital ID and Trusted Certificate Settings comes up, click Trusted Certificates . Select the Certificate to remove.
3. From Internet Explorer = Tools Menu = Internet Options= Contents= Certificates= Select the Certificate to remove.

PDFill Copyright � 2002-2017 by PlotSoft L.L.C. All rights reserved.


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A penetration test is done to evaluate the security of a computer system or network by simulating an attack by a malicious user / hacker. The process involves active exploitation of security vulnerabilities that may be present due to poor or improper system configuration, known and / or unknown hardware or software flaws, or operational weaknesses in process or design.

This analysis is carried out from the position of a potential attacker, to determine feasibility of an attack and the resulting business impact of a successful exploit. Usually this is presented with recommendations for mitigation or a technical solution.

About this workshop

This workshop gives an in-depth perspective of penetration testing approach and methodology that covers all modern infrastructure, operating systems and application environments.

This workshop is designed to teach security professionals the tools and techniques required to perform comprehensive information security assessment.

Participants will learn how to design, secure and test networks to protect their organization from the threats hackers and crackers pose. This workshop will help participants to effectively identify and mitigate risks to the security of their organization s infrastructure.

This 40 hour highly interactive workshop will help participants have hands on understanding and experience in Security Assessment.

A proper understanding of Security Assessment is an important requirement to analyze the integrity of the IT infrastructure.

Expertise in security assessment is an absolute requirement for a career in information security management and could be followed by management level certifications like CISA, CISSP, CISM, CRISC and ISO 27001.

There are many reasons to understand Security Assessment:

  • Prepare yourself to handle penetration testing assignments with more clarity
  • Understand how to conduct Vulnerability Assessment
  • Expand your present knowledge of identifying threats and vulnerabilities
  • Bring security expertise to your current occupation
  • Become more marketable in a highly competitive environment

Therefore this workshop will prepare you to handle VA / PT assignments and give you a better understanding of various security concepts and practices that will be of valuable use to you and your organization.

This workshop will significantly benefit professionals responsible for security assessment of the network / IT infrastructure.

  • IS / IT Specialist / Analyst / Manager
  • IS / IT Auditor / Consultant
  • IT Operations Manager
  • Security Specialist / Analyst
  • Security Manager / Architect
  • Security Consultant / Professional
  • Security Officer / Engineer
  • Security Administrator
  • Security Auditor
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  • Network Manager / Architect
  • Network Consultant / Professional
  • Network Administrator
  • Senior Systems Engineer
  • Systems Analyst
  • Systems Administrator

Anyone aspiring for a career in Security Assessment would benefit from this workshop. The workshop is restricted to participants who have knowledge of ethical hacking countermeasures.

The entire workshop is a combination of theory and hands-on sessions conducted in a dedicated ethical hacking lab environment.

  • The Need for Security Analysis
  • Advanced Googling
  • TCP/IP Packet Analysis
  • Advanced Sniffing Techniques
  • Vulnerability Analysis with Nessus
  • Advanced Wireless Testing
  • Designing a DMZ
  • Snort Analysis
  • Log Analysis
  • Advanced Exploits and Tools
  • Penetration Testing Methodologies
  • Customers and Legal Agreements
  • Rules of Engagement
  • Penetration Testing Planning and Scheduling
  • Pre Penetration Testing Checklist
  • Information Gathering
  • Vulnerability Analysis
  • External Penetration Testing
  • Internal Network Penetration Testing
  • Routers and Switches Penetration Testing
  • Firewall Penetration Testing
  • IDS Penetration Testing
  • Wireless Network Penetration Testing
  • Denial of Service Penetration Testing
  • Password Cracking Penetration Testing
  • Social Engineering Penetration Testing
  • Stolen Laptop, PDAs and Cell phones Penetration Testing
  • Application Penetration Testing
  • Physical Security Penetration Testing
  • Database Penetration testing
  • VoIP Penetration Testing
  • VPN Penetration Testing
  • War Dialing
  • Virus and Trojan Detection
  • Log Management Penetration Testing
  • File Integrity Checking
  • Blue Tooth and Hand held Device Penetration Testing
  • Telecommunication and Broadband Communication Penetration Testing
  • Email Security Penetration Testing
  • Security Patches Penetration Testing
  • Data Leakage Penetration Testing
  • Penetration Testing Deliverables and Conclusion
  • Penetration Testing Report and Documentation Writing
  • Penetration Testing Report Analysis
  • Post Testing Actions
  • Ethics of a Penetration Tester
  • Standards and Compliance

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Electronic Signatures

These involve the signer applying their hand-signature mark on the document and then this being protected with a cryptographic digital signature. With basic e-signatures, the crypto digital signature is created using a server-held signing key, e.g. belonging to the service provider organisation, hence we refer to this as a witness digital signature. In SigningHub this witness digital signature is applied every time an e-signature mark is applied by the user and cryptographically binds this mark to the document and protects the document from any subsequent changes, thereby ensuring data integrity. This is a long-term signature that includes a trusted timestamp.

Normally basic e-signatures may or may-not require the user to be registered and their identity validated as a part of this. Regardless of whether or not users are registered with basic e-signatures the signer s identity is not verifiable directly from the signed document.

Advanced Electronic Signatures (AES) and Qualified Electronic Signatures (QES) are fully supported in SigningHub. AES and QES provide the highest level of trust and assurance because these use unique signing keys for every signer. This directly links the user’s identity to the signed document such that anyone can verify it on their own using an industry standard PDF reader. Note technically these are also referred to as digital signatures rather than e-signatures .

Furthermore, as the signer has sole control of their unique private signing key this ensures non-repudiation, i.e. even the service provider cannot be held responsible for creating the signature. SigningHub complies with eIDAS regulations for AES and QES using locally held credentials, such as a National eID card, or importantly remote signing where the user’s key is held securely, server-side. Remote signing has many benefits including the ability to sign from any machine without use of specialist devices like smartcards, hardware tokens and readers.

The advantage of using AES/QES is that they show exactly who signed the document.

QES are a more trusted version of AES because they require the highest levels of security for the protection of the user’s signing key and also a formal registration process for the user to verify their identity by a qualified Certificate Authority. From a legal perspective QES can be considered even stronger than handwritten signatures as the burden of proof shifts to the signer to prove that they did not sign!


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New Used RVs For Sale

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