Cyber Security & Crime Prevention for IT, Computer & Data Information

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Information theft has led to the compromise of intellectual property, credit card information, electronic funds, identity theft, and a host of other negative consequences. Electronic theft, or cyber crime affects individuals, corporations and government entities. Breaches are routinely perpetrated by, ill intended employees, ex-employees, organized crime groups, and foreign government sponsored espionage groups.

While government mandates are driving organizations to address compliance initiatives, the security of many data assets has seen limited improvement. Many organizations are struggling quietly having been victimized by information theft and are seeking to understand the potential consequences and methods to recovery. Information Defense helps organizations to identify threats to intellectual property and sensitive data assets along with the necessary measures to prepare for, prevent, and respond to cyber crime and data theft.

We assist organizations to:

  • Secure data environments through technical measures
  • Secure data through improved information security process and procedures
  • Respond to and recover from information security breaches
  • Build incident response and data forensic teams
  • Model and measure risk to information assets and intellectual property
  • Address compliance initiatives such as PCI, Red Flags Rule and others

Our methods follow a comprehensive risk based approach through our Information Security Management Model (ISMM). The protection of information assets within the workplace is a significant issue. Our approach enables organizations to Prepare, Prevent and Respond to cyber crime.

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Today more than at any time in the past we are committed to using the Internet for almost all our business and social needs. Never.

Thanks to the guys at SecureWorld who invited me to speak on mobile device management (MDM) and mobile device security yesterday! The.

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Think your cell phone conversations are secure? Think again .computer scientists at Rutgers University have shown how a familiar type of personal computer security threat can now attack new generations of smart mobile phones,

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Will Trump slash public funding for scientific research? The Verge #nih #secure #email


Will Trump slash public funding for scientific research?

Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center on the National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Maryland campus NIH/Wikimedia Commons

“I hear so much about the NIH, and it’s terrible,” President-elect Donald Trump told conservative radio host Michael Savage last year, using the acronym for the National Institutes of Health. The NIH is the federal agency that shelled out $32 billion for biomedical research in fiscal year 2016. This federal money is a key source of funding for academic research — on anything from cancer to Alzheimer’s.

“I hear so much about the NIH, and it’s terrible.”

But just because Trump thinks the NIH is terrible doesn’t mean he won’t fund it, if his comments to Scientific American are any guide. He said in September that “there are increasing demands to curtail spending and to balance the federal budget, we must make the commitment to invest in science, engineering, healthcare and other areas that will make the lives of Americans better, safer and more prosperous.” On its part, the NIH says it’s ready for the transition. “NIH has a long history of bi-partisan support and stands ready to work with the new Administration to improve people’s health and reduce the burden of disease through biomedical research,” Amanda Fine, a PR officer for the NIH, wrote in an email to The Verge .

So — is a Trump presidency good news or bad news for the nation’s most important sources of research funding?

“Trump has been a bit of a black box on that issue,” says Jennifer Zeitzer, the director of legislative relations at the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. “The good news is we don’t know what it means for public funding and the bad news is we don’t know what it means for public funding.”

NIH funds are critical for work around the country. Academic institutions in the US rely heavily on federal dollars for running their labs, buying equipment, processing samples, and training the next generation of scientists. “The entire business of the US academic biomedical research enterprise is based on federal dollars. All of it,” says Ethan Weiss. an associate professor of medicine at University of California, San Francisco. “Without that, it would collapse.”

Researchers all over the US depend on these grants to make a living. Jacquelyn Gill. an assistant professor of paleoecology and plant ecology at the University of Maine, recently received a $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation, another federal agency, that will fund her research for the next three years. Part of that money will go into her own salary and into the salary for undergraduates and post-doctoral researchers who work at her lab. Cutting public funding means cutting jobs, and that makes it hard to attract young people into scientific research.

“I would like to have a job. I would like to continue to work.”

“I’m getting my PhD and I want to start my own lab eventually,” says Sarah Hengel, who’s doing breast cancer research at the University of Iowa, in a lab that partially runs on NIH dollars. “It’s a little scary when it’s uncertain what the future will be like. I would like to have a job. I would like to continue to work.”

NIH and NSF funding has been fluctuating in the past few years. The NIH lost 22 percent of its capacity to fund research due to budget cuts, sequestration, and inflation from 2003 to 2015, according to Zeitzer, at the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. And federal funding from government agencies like the NSF, the Department of Agriculture, and Health and Human Services has fallen by 17 percent from 2010 to 2014. when factoring in inflation. That means that, for a while now, researchers have looked at alternative sources of funding, including private foundations, NGOs, and private donors.

The problem with private funding is that it’s usually not as big; it also doesn’t allow scientists to focus on that long-term, basic, fundamental research that doesn’t give a return on investment quickly, but is key to finding cures for diseases. Weiss, at the University of California, San Francisco, used HIV as an example. HIV/AIDS went from being a death sentence in the 1980s to a chronic but relatively manageable disease because of decades of prior research into the basic biology of viruses and the workings of DNA. “That didn’t happen in the dark,” Weiss says. “Fundamental biology is important because you never know when you might need it.”

Climate scientists are the most concerned

Climate scientists are the most concerned. since Trump has denied man-made climate change exists. The current NSF budget is already a fraction of the NIH’s — $7.46 billion. And with Trump’s decision to appoint a climate skeptic to lead the Environmental Protection Agency transition. climate scientists fear that public funding for their research will be slashed. “We don’t expect a lot of support for climate initiatives,” says Joshua Adam Drew, a professor at the Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology at Columbia University. “I hope I’m wrong and that I’m just being depressed about the future, but I don’t see there being a large. support for an increased federal budget for research.”

Zeitzer, at the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, says it’s too early to know. Congress could approve spending bills before Christmas; those bills include raising the NIH budget to $34.1 billion and the NSF budget to $7.51 billion in 2017. That would secure public funding for the first year of Trump’s presidency. What would happen for the year 2018 and onward, however, is anyone’s guess. And that uncertainty is what’s most concerning to some. “It’s a complete and whole black hole. We don’t have any idea,” Weiss says. “I don’t think Trump has give a lot of thought to it. And maybe that’s a good thing, maybe the administration will be distracted with other things and things will stay relatively status quo.”

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    Security Awareness Program #u.s. #security #awareness, #computer #security, #secure #your #computer, #personal #security, #disaster #preparedness, #homeland #security, #security #awareness #tips, #security #awareness #program, #information #security #professional, #information #security #program, #information #security #auditing, #risk #management, #insider #threat, #incident #response, #security #awareness #day, #information #security, #security #awareness


    Security Awareness for IT Users – InfoSec Institute
    InfoSec Institute is consistently rated as one of the top providers for Security Awareness Program training for users of IT systems. With a systematic approach, multiple delivery formats (instructor-led, CBT/WBT, SCORM formatted modules), and access to industry recognized subject matter experts, InfoSec Institute has what it takes to raise critical security awareness issues in a thought provoking manner for your organization.

    Security Awareness for IT Professionals – InfoSec Institute
    InfoSec Institute provides a deeper level of security awareness training for technical audiences, honing in on the specific issues that individual IT Professionals need to know in order to secure their infrastructure.

    Security Awareness for Software Developers (.NET, Java, C/C++) – InfoSec Institute
    Software developers are increasingly under task to develop more secure applications. Without the requisite knowledge, it is an insurmountable task. InfoSec Institute bridges the gap between poorly designed and executed code and secure code with the internationally recognized Security Awareness for Software Developers line of courses.

    You can find other value able security awareness training resources here:

    NIST 800-50: Security Awareness and Training Program
    This NIST publication provides detailed guidance on designing, developing, implementing, and maintaining an awareness and training program within an agency’s IT security program.

    ENISA: A Users� Guide: How to Raise Information Security Awareness
    This document illustrates the main processes necessary to plan, org anise and run information security awareness program raising initiatives: plan & assess, execute & manage, evaluate & adjust. Each process is analyses and time-related actions and dependencies are identified. The process modeling presented provides a basis for “kick-starting” the scoping and planning activities as well as the execution and assessment of any security awareness program. The Guide aims to deliver a consistent and robust understanding of major processes and activities amoung users.

    NIST 800-16: Information Technology Security Training Requirements (188 pages)
    The overall goal for use of this document is to facilitate the development or strengthening of a comprehensive, measurable, cost-effective IT security awareness program which supports the missions of the organization and is administered as an integral element of sound IT management and planning. Protecting the value of an organization�s information assets demands no less. This approach allows senior officials to understand where, in what way, and to what extent IT-related job responsibilities include IT security responsibilities, permitting the most cost-effective allocation of limited IT security training resources.
    Appendix A-D Appendix E

    Building a Security Awareness Program – CyberGuard
    Hackers, worms and viruses grab the headlines, but the real threat often comes not from outside the organization but within. Social engineering and unhappy employees pose very real risks to network security. How do you address the problem? This article offers a practical approach to setting up an effective security awareness program that gets everyone in the organization on board.

    Awareness Tips for All Personnel – Gideon T. Rasmussen
    Security tips are a key component to any awareness program. They should advise of best practices and reinforce policy.These tips are written with the average person as the intended audience. The site randomly displays information security tips. Companies can use it internally to educate their user community. The site and script are free to download.

    Security Awareness Tips by Role – IT Governance Institute
    ITGI offers a security baseline for enterprises and security survival kits for a variety of computer users.

    Security Awareness Toolbox – The Information Warfare Site
    The Security Awareness Toolbox contains many useful documents and links. The Main Documents section was contributed by Melissa Guenther. The Toolbox is a rich source of awareness material.

    University of Arizona Security Awareness Page
    The UA security awareness site contains awareness presentations, videos and posters. It’s a good site to explore.

    NoticeBoard Newsletter
    NoticeBored offers a free awareness newsletter covering a different information security topic each month. The newsletter provides an introduction to the monthly topic, describes the information security risks and outlines the remaining security awareness materials delivered to NoticeBored customers.

    IIA Tone at the Top Awareness Newsletter
    Mission: To provide executive management, boards of directors, and audit committees with concise, leading-edge information on such issues as risk, internal control, governance, ethics, and the changing role of internal auditing; and guidance relative to their roles in, and responsibilities for the internal audit process.

    Security Awareness Group – Yahoo Groups
    The security awareness group provides a forum to discuss awareness program methodologies and share security awareness tips. Those interested in learning more about information security will benefit from the exchange of tips and the opportunity to ask questions.

    Security Awareness Posters

    Attentus Healthcare Company in cooperation with DasSign has provided security awareness posters in the interest of public education. These posters can be used and distributed freely without obligation.

    World s most secure email service is easily hackable #the #most #secure #email


    ‘World’s most secure’ email service is riddled with security flaws that leave it vulnerable to being hacked

    • Startup Nomx is trying to change the way that emails send to make them safer
    • It claims its email system ‘ensures absolute security and privacy’
    • But a researcher has found a flaw in the system that makes it easy to hack

    Published: 17:05 BST, 28 April 2017 | Updated: 17:05 BST, 28 April 2017

    An email service that claims to offer the ‘world’s most secure communications protocol’ is easily hackable, according to a researcher.

    The system, whose creators claim ‘ensures absolute security and privacy’, runs through a device that is riddled with security flaws, the expert said.

    Security researcher, Scott Helme, found an easy way for hackers to remotely break into the $199 (£154) device and take control of a user’s email account.

    Scroll down for video

    An email service that claims to be the ‘world’s most secure communications protocol’ is easily hackable, according to a researcher. The system, whose creators say ‘ensures absolute security and privacy’, runs through a $199 (£154) device (pictured) that is riddled with flaws


    Security researcher Scott Helme decided to explore how the device works by taking it apart.

    He found that the box uses outdated software on a basic ‘Raspberry Pi’ computer chip that has several bugs.

    Nomx’s code is ‘riddled with bad examples of how to do things,’ Mr Helme wrote in a blog post on his research.

    He found that Nomx’s web application had a flaw that allowed anyone to take full control of the device and hence someone’s email account.

    All a hacker would need to do is have their victim visit a malicious website link.

    ‘I could read emails, send emails, and delete emails. I could even create my own email address,’ Mr Helme told Motherboard .

    Startup company, Nomx, who designed the service, has denied that there is anything wrong with their hardware.

    The company is trying to change the way emails are sent in order to create a safer way to message people.

    It sells a device that helps users set up their own email server.

    This, the company says, keeps your messages away from mail exchange servers, otherwise known as MX servers – hence ‘Nomx’.

    The company claims that these MX servers are inherently ‘vulnerable’ and by avoiding them using their device, users’ emails will be more secure.

    Security researcher Scott Helme decided to explore how the device works by taking it apart.

    He found that the box uses outdated software on a basic ‘Raspberry Pi’ computer chip that has several bugs.

    Nomx’s code is ‘riddled with bad examples of how to do things,’ Mr Helme wrote in a blog post on his research.


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    Copyright 2001-2008 Northstar Data Systems All rights reserved.

    Linux is secure…right? #secure #web #servers


    Linux is secure…right?

    “There are no threats for Linux servers. Aren’t they built to be secure?”

    “Linux servers are secure and hardened, why do we need additional security controls on those?”

    “I do understand there are threats out there but I am not aware of any major attacks on Linux servers”

    If you find yourself nodding as you read these statements, you’re not alone.

    There is a common belief that Linux servers are more secure and less vulnerable than Windows servers.

    Although there is some truth in the belief, the reality is that Linux servers (and the applications they host) also have vulnerabilities and by ignoring this, you are putting your business at unnecessary risk.

    Widespread and increasing use

    There was a time not too long ago when Linux was a ‘geek’ OS, the domain of command line management and limited enterprise use. Those days are definitely gone, clearly illustrated by things like Gartner pegging the global OS growth for Linux at 13.5%[1]. as well as the prevalence of Linux in the public cloud environment, as demonstrated by the fact that approximately 90% of workloads in AWS EC2 are running some variant of Linux. With such widespread use for sensitive enterprise applications, it’s no small wonder that there is an increasing focus on attacking Linux servers, as evidenced in the recent ransomware attack in South Korea that used a Linux-focused ransomware attack called Erebus that impacted the web sites, databases, and multi-media files of 3,400 businesses.

    Secure, but still vulnerable

    With more and more servers moving beyond the enterprise boundary and into the cloud, network protection at the host-level becomes increasingly important, as workloads need to defend themselves vs. having a perimeter around them. And remember, workloads include the applications that sit on top of Linux…it’s more than just the OS.

    Having a host-based Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) will help protect against vulnerabilities in core operating system AND the application stack running on top. Great examples of network-accessible vulnerabilities with wide-spread impacts are the recent Apache Struts-2 issue, Heartbleed and Shellshock, but there are many more. And just because a vulnerability, like Heartbleed, is a couple years old doesn’t mean that applications and servers are not still vulnerable. In a recent Shodan survey, it showed that Heartbleed was still an available vulnerability on more than 180,000 servers around the world, with the majority of them in the US!

    [1] Gartner, “Market Share Analysis: Server Operating Systems, Worldwide, 2016”, ID#G00318388, May 26, 2017

    If you run a web server on Linux (running on at least 37 percent of the web servers out there according to W3Techs ), you need protection against vulnerabilities affecting them, including Apache, Nginx, etc.

    Table 1: Vulnerabilities Protected by Deep Security

    It is very important to not confuse vulnerabilities with threats. While there may be fewer known threats for Linux, if you look at the National Vulnerability Database, there are a similar number of vulnerabilities reported for both Linux. and Windows operating systems.

    Malware, designed for Linux

    Contrary to popular belief, there is a lot of malware for the Linux platform. While the numbers in comparison to Microsoft Windows are not quite as high, there are still tens of thousands of pieces of malware designed for Linux, including the Erebus ransomware mentioned above.

    Deploying ONLY anti-malware is inadequate for protecting servers. However, most attacks on datacenters that lead to breach involve the installation of malware as part of the attack chain. This is why compliance and security frameworks such as PCI-DSS (Section #3), SANS CIS Critical Security Controls (Section #8), and NIST Cybersecurity Framework (Section DE.CM-4) all continue to recommend anti-malware as a best practice.

    Layered security for Linux workloads

    It’s clear that there is no silver bullet when it comes to server security, and that businesses should be using a layered security approach to protect vulnerable Linux workloads. Beyond anti-malware and IPS, there are a number of controls that will help to build a robust Linux strategy:

    • Application Control: helps ‘lock down’ the Linux host to prevent any unknown process or script from running. This prevents the malware from running in the first place or attackers from taking advantage of backdoors that it might have placed on the server.
    • Integrity Monitoring: A new threat is likely to make changes to the system somewhere (ports, protocol changes, files), so it’s important to watch for these. Integrity monitoring helps with monitoring the system for any changes outside of an authorized change window, which tend to be few for typical production workloads.
    • Log Inspection: Scans log files and provides a continuous monitoring process to help identify threats early in the cycle. Attacks like SQL Injection, command injection, attacks against APIs can be seen in the logs and then action taken.

    The lesson we learn here is that although Linux is a more secure and reliable operating system option, it’s not your cure-all solution when it comes to security. Like any other OS, some assembly and maintenance is required, and it’s your responsibility to adopt a multi-layered security strategy, including managing regular updates and adding additional security controls to protect the servers AND the applications running on them. To learn more about Linux vulnerabilities and how to protect against them using Trend Micro Deep Security, read our short research paper here.

    Related posts:

    Strict Transport Security in MVC: Implementing RequireHstsAttribute – DZone Security #programming, #software #development, #devops, #java, #agile, #web, #iot, #database, #mobile, #big #data, #cloudsecurity,https, #core,secure #connection


    Strict Transport Security in ASP.NET MVC: Implementing RequireHstsAttribute

    Strict Transport Security in ASP.NET MVC: Implementing RequireHstsAttribute

    Discover how to protect your applications from known and unknown vulnerabilities.

    HTTPS is the core mechanism for accessing web resources in a secure way. One of the limitations of HTTPS is the fact that the user can manually provide a URL which doesn’t contain the proper schema. In most cases, this will result in the application sending a redirect response which will tell the browser to re-request the resource using HTTPS. Unfortunately, this redirect creates a risk of a Man-in-the-Middle attack. Strict Transport Security is a security enhancement which allows web applications to inform browsers that they should always use HTTPS when accessing a given domain.

    Strict Transport Security defines Strict-Transport-Security header with two directives: required max-age and optional includeSubDomains. From the moment the browser receives the Strict-Transport-Security header, it should consider the host as a Known HSTS Host for the number of seconds specified in the max-age directive. Being a Known HSTS Host means that the browser should always use HTTPS for communication. In the initially described scenario (user providing HTTP schema or no schema at all), the browser should cancel the initial request by itself and change the schema to HTTPS. Specifying the includeSubDomains directive means that a given rule applies also to all subdomains of the current domain.

    In order to implement this behavior in an ASP.NET MVC application, we need to fulfill two requirements: issue a redirect when a request is being made with HTTP, and send the header when a request is being made with HTTPS. The first behavior is already available through RequireHttpsAttribute so we can inherit it – we just need to add the second.

    We can now use this attribute, for example, by adding it to our global filters collection.

    From this moment, our application will be enforcing HSTS. But the initial problem still has not been fully resolved – there is still that one redirect which can happen if the application is not accessed over HTTPS the first time. This is why HSTS Preload List has been created. This service allows for submitting domains which should be hardcoded, as Known HSTS Hosts, in the browsers – this removes the risk of that one potential redirect. The service is hosted by Google, but all major browsers vendors have stated that they will be using the submitted list of domains.

    If one wants to include his/her application on the HSTS Preload List, after submitting the domain additional steps needs to be taken. The application must confirm the submission by including preload directive in the Strict-Transport-Security header and fulfill some additional criteria:

    • Be HTTPS only and serve all subdomains over HTTPS.
    • The value of max-age directive must be at least eighteen weeks.
    • The includeSubdomains directive must be present.

    Some small adjustments to our attribute are needed in order to handle this additional scenario.

    Now we have full HSTS support with preloading in an easy to use attribute just waiting to be used in your application. You can find cleaned up source code here .

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    Featuring discussions on current tech-security issues such as cloud security, email and social media security, VoIP, LAN security, wireless security, USB drives security & more.

    8:00am – 9:00am CT

    Join us for this webinar with research firm Goode Intelligence to explore the proven financial benefits of using a managed file transfer solution.

    A sneak peek into this year’s Gartner Security Risk & Management Summit. Includes some event previews that you won’t want to miss.

    GoAnywhere® Managed File Transfer (MFT) has been Drummond Certified™ for the highest level of AS2 interoperability in the AS2-1Q17 test event.

    Updates to USPS communication methods are coming in August 2017. Read more to learn what’s happening and which methods you’re now allowed to use.

    You may know the “why” behind managed file transfers, but do you know the how? Follow a file’s journey from user to recipient to learn how MFT works.

    Meet Kathryn Anderson from Backbone Consultants, a speaker at our July webinar, Lessons from the Field: 7 Steps to Proactive Cybersecurity.

    Spear phishing can infiltrate companies even if they follow security best practices. Implement these 7 steps to protect your business against attacks.

    Learn how clinics, insurance providers and health system business associate can protect against data breaches.

    What are MFT agents? What’s the difference between traditional managed file transfer deployments and an MFT agent deployment? Find out here.

    Learn where cybersecurity professionals are focusing their efforts in 2017, in this takeaways post overviewing the Cybersecurity Trends Report.

    The 2017 Cybersecurity Trends Report uncovered both shocking and actionable insights about the state of file transfer security.

    4 step guide on how to establish a cybersecurity policy, including templates and examples.

    We sat down with some of this year’s hottest speakers slated to present at COMMON 2017. Here’s what they had to say.

    Pulse Secure To Acquire Brocade s Virtual Application Delivery Controller Business – Page: 1 #pulse #secure, #brocade, #brocade #acquistion, #virtual #application #delivery #controller


    Pulse Secure To Acquire Brocade s Virtual Application Delivery Controller Business

    Pulse Secure is expanding its secure access portfolio to services and applications, as the company announced on Thursday it plans to acquire Brocade’s virtual Application Delivery Controller (vADC) business.

    The terms of the deal were not disclosed. The planned acquisition includes all assets associated with the business, including research and development, customer support, and maintenance contracts.

    In a blog post about the announcement, CEO Sudhakar Ramakrishna said the acquisition would allow Pulse Secure to continue building on its Secure Access Suite. In particular, it boosts Pulse Secure’s access capabilities around hybrid cloud, helping control access to applications on premise, in the cloud, and in cloud service marketplaces, he said.

    “At Pulse Secure, we have a core belief that security should be about access and not (just) control. This belief system, combined with innovations that make it real, facilitates the economic delivery of Secure Access to our customers,” Ramakrishna said in the blog post.

    “There’s always a concern with how well a product will continue to be developed through numerous acquisitions like this as it often causes some of the key talent to leave, but I really like Pulse Secure’s management team,” said Dominic Grillo, executive vice president at Branchburg, N.J.-based Atrion Communication Resources. “We had definitely liked the vADC solution when it was part of Riverbed, so hopefully Pulse Secure can make something of the technology.”

    Brocade had acquired the vADC technology as part of its 2015 acquisition of Riverbed Technology’s SteepApp product line. As a long-time Pulse Secure partner, supporting the technology through multiple acquisitions, Grillo said the acquisition will likely help Pulse Secure drive revenue from more areas of its portfolio, as well as compete better in the marketplace against companies like Citrix.

    “Pulse Secure has a definite need to derive more revenue from products other than their Connect Secure SSL VPN so I think this is a good thing. It will likely help them compete better against Citrix’s NetScaler solution which competes directly with Pulse Secure,” Grillo said.

    The acquisition is also the latest example of Brocade evolving its business model, including the May 2016 acquisition of Ruckus Wireless for $1.2 billion. However, partners were quickly left confused as Broadcom announced in November that it was acquiring Brocade for $5.9 billion, a deal expected to close later this year. Broadcom said at the time that it was looking to unload the Brocade and Ruckus networking business.


    Online card fraud up as thieves avoid more secure chip cards for in-store payments #secure #credit #card #payments


    Online card fraud up as thieves avoid more secure chip cards for in-store payments

    One unfortunate side effect from the use of chip cards for in-store purchases has been an increase in online credit-card fraud.

    Hackers have taken the path of least resistance, moving from in-store fraud to e-commerce fraud, according to security experts.

    Deterred by the security capabilities of chip cards for in-store payments, thieves have resorted to stealing credit-card numbers and passwords or opening new accounts with false credentials to use in making online payments for purchases, according to recent studies. Botnets also comprise some of the biggest increases in online card fraud.

    Chip cards were instituted on Oct. 1, 2015, and since then, e-commerce fraud on U.S. merchants has jumped 42% as of the fourth quarter of 2016, according to a study by research firm

    “We predicted this [online fraud increase] would happen following [chip] cards in the banking industry years ago,” said Mike Lynch, chief strategy officer at InAuth, a vendor of mobile and browser security products. (InAuth was recently purchased by American Express. but will remain a subsidiary.) Other countries, including Canada and Australia, also saw big jumps in online card fraud after chip cards were adopted, he said.

    Lynch said the online fraud increase is probably higher for financial institutions than for merchants, but merchants are more open about the problem and discuss it more freely. “Banks don’t typically want to disclose fraud,” he said.

    The amount of dollars put at risk by online fraud went up 55% from the second quarter of 2015 to the second quarter of 2016, according to the study. That was a jump from $4.90 to $7.60 per $100 of online sales. For luxury goods alone, the dollars at risk were $12.10 per $100 in sales in late 2016.

    Botnets were behind many of these attacks. The rate of attacks by botnets increased by 47% for the same period for all goods and by 87% for luxury goods alone, said.

    Javelin Strategy Research this week reported that identity fraud of all types, the bulk of which comes from card activity, hit a record high in 2016. There were 15.4 million U.S. victims in 2016, up 16% from 2015. Losses from fraud in 2016 hit $16 billion.

    “The increase in [chip] cards and terminals was a catalyst for driving fraudsters to shift to fraudulently opening new accounts,” Javelin said in a statement. Fraud using existing cards also increased by 40% in 2016.

    “After five years of relatively small growth or even decreases in fraud, this year’s findings drive home that fraudsters never rest,” said Al Pascual, research director in fraud and security for Javelin, in a statement. “When one area is closed, they adapt and find new approaches.” He urged the payments industry to close security gaps.

    Lynch said that banks and merchants will eventually need to move to more secure online payments that include multi-factor authentication, not just passwords.

    Increases in online fraud “are going to raise the bar for authentication, and you’ll see biometric techniques being used as the fraudsters evolve,” Lynch said. “The companies that want to stop fraud know that they can’t be the weak link.”

    InAuth works with four of the five largest U.S. banks, as well as many large retailers, to provide payment security products.

    Among the biometric practices used for e-commerce payments is fingerprint authentication, which is available on some smartphones through the apps provided by major banks.

    To protect online purchases made on laptops and desktops, many merchants rely on a one-time security code sent to a customer’s smartphone, either by email or text. The user then types in the code when making a card purchase online.

    But hackers have developed techniques to intercept those codes over text or email, “and it’s not always the most secure,” Lynch said.

    InAuth has developed software that uses an encrypted channel to send a one-time code to a customer’s phone.

    Even with such products and enhanced biometric authentication, online card “fraud will never stop completely, but it should eventually reach a peak as companies put the right security in place,” Lynch said. “But fraud never goes away.”

    Senior Editor Matt Hamblen covers mobile and wireless, smartphones and other handhelds, and wireless networking for Computerworld.

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    MrBackup is based on a core data model which assumes that only mission critical/business critical data requires protection. It is assumed that on any given computer

    • 5% or less data is in fact of mission or business critical importance and worth storing in a secure environment; (non-trivial/critical)

    • 10% or less of additional data may be classified as important and worth retaining; (non-trivial/important)

    • 85% or more data is probably Redundant Obsolete and Trivial, or obsolete content — which raises the question, should this ROT data be stored in the first place?

    Backup (definition) copy of computer information made in case of partial or total data loss or corruption; used in disaster recovery. Backups are used to ensure data which is lost can be restored. Recovery implies lack of backups.

    verb two words, to back up data — Remember to back up with MrBackup regularly.

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    Core Data is defined in terms of specific software applications in use, operational requirements and business activities. Each client s unique combination of business activities, operational requirements and application software solutions is unique. The retention of Core Data , which may include transactional data, suggests rapid return to operational efficiency. In the small business environment, this is often based on a single software application, or a suite of applications, with easily identifiable data items. Master Data Management is about identifying the correct data to manage; core data is about backing up the relevant data.
    From the Microsoft Library:

    Typical data storage and restore is based on the file system of the underlying Microsoft Windows operating system.

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    Companies must take on auditors, risk managers and compliance officers with absolute confidence when it comes to their file security. FileHub is a document control and cloud access security broker (CASB) combining file sharing tools with governance tools to safeguard sensitive documents and files.

    File fingerprinting technology tracks and traces files throughout their lifecycle, while a data visualization dashboard helps companies monitor and interpret behaviors that may lead to a data breach. The FileHub suite tells the story of your files, so you can spend less time monitoring and more time being proactive about your file security.

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    5 Tips to Keep Your Data Secure on the Cloud #is #cloud #storage #secure


    5 Tips to Keep Your Data Secure on the Cloud

    The number of personal cloud users increases every year and is not about to slow down. Back in 2012 Gartner predicted the complete shift from offline PC work to mostly on-cloud by 2014. And it’s happening.

    Today, we rarely choose to send a bunch of photos by email, we no longer use USB flash drives to carry docs. The cloud has become a place where everyone meets and exchanges information. Moreover, it has become a place where data is being kept permanently.

    We trust the cloud more and more. Now even our documents from the bank, ID scans and confidential business papers work find their new residence on the cloud. But can you be sure your information is safe and secure out there?

    Actually, for the time being you cannot. Data privacy legislation proceeds in a tempo that is unable to keep up with the speed of technology progress. Just take a look on how countries or regions deal with legal issues concerning data privacy on the cloud.

    You’ll hardly find any universal rules or laws that could be applicable to any user and any cloud service irrespective of geographical boundaries or residence. Today’s legislature in the area of information privacy consists of plenty of declarations, proposals and roadmaps most of which are not legally binding.

    Cloud Security Issues Span the Globe

    Information privacy on the ‘Net presents a problem for law makers all over the world. All legislative process stumbles over several issues. First, there’s transborder data flow. Some countries are successful in regulating privacy issues of the data stored on the servers within the country, but they usually avoid transborder data flow regulation.

    The most popular data storage servers are in the United States, but people who use them come from different countries all over the world, and so does their data. It remains unclear which laws of which country regulate that data privacy while it flows from the sender to the server.

    Another problem is defining who, and under which circumstances, can gain legal permission to access data stored on the cloud. Users believe that their information isconfidential and protected from everyone just because it belongs to them and is their property. But they often forget that the space where they store it (namely the Internet) is not actually theirs and it functions by its own rules (or no rules). Therefore, you may still have to give up your data if one day state authorities ask for it.

    But even if the law happens to be applicable to your situation and is on your side you still don’t want to spend your time and effort later in the court proving how right you are, do you? So with all that legal uncertainty you simply have no choice but to take control and be responsible for your own data.

    Here are five data privacy protection tips to help you tackle the issue of cloud privacy:

    1. Avoid storing sensitive information in the cloud.

    Many recommendations across the ‘Net sound like this: “Don’t keep your information on the cloud.” Fair enough, but it’s the same as if you asked, “How not to get my house burned down?” and the answer would be, “Do not have a house.” The logic is solid, but a better way to translate such advice is, “avoid storing sensitive information on the cloud.” So if you have a choice you should opt for keeping your crucial information away from virtual world or use appropriate solutions.

    2. Read the user agreement to find out how your cloud service storage works.

    If you are not sure what cloud storage to choose or if you have any questions as for how that or another cloud service works you can read the user agreement of the service you are planning to sign up for. There is no doubt it’s hard and boring but you really need to face those text volumes. The document which traditionally suffers from insufficient attention may contain essential information you are looking for.

    3. Be serious about passwords.

    You must have heard this warning a hundred times already, but yet most people do not follow it. Did you know that 90 percent of all passwords can be cracked within seconds. Indeed, a great part of all the sad stories about someone’s account getting broken is caused by an easy-to-create-and-remember password. Moreover, doubling your email password for other services you use (your Facebook account, your cloud storage account) is a real trap as all your login information and forgotten passwords always arrive to your email.

    Here is an efficient method of creating a secure password:

    1. Choose a random word (preferably a long one) — for example, “communication.”
    2. Now let’s say you are signing up for Gmail. What you should do is add a “Gmail” word to the word you have chosen. Thus your password for Gmail will be “communicationGmail.” If you sign up for Skype, your password will be “communicationSkype”, for example.

    Therefore, you need to remember only your “core” word and the structure of your password. To strengthen it even more you can add a certain number before the name of the service, for example your birth date. In that case your password will look like “communication12111975Skype”, etc.

    You can invent any other way of memorizing your passwords, the one that appeals to you. But the main point doesn’t change – such a method is really simple and effective.

    Encryption is, so far, the best way you can protect your data. Generally encryption works as follows: You have a file you want to move to a cloud, you use certain software with which you create a password for that file, you move that password-protected file to the cloud and no one is ever able to see the content of the file not knowing the password.

    The most easy and handy way is to zip files and encrypt them with a password. To that end you can use B1 Free Archiver — a free multiplatform compression tool. When creating the archive check the “Protect with a password” option, type in the password (keeping in mind the no. 3 rule) and only after that you can move it to the cloud. If you want to share it with someone just give the password to that person. Note that B1 Free Archiver zips files only in B1 format which makes the overall protection of your info more reliable.

    The only software that opens B1 files is B1 Free Archiver, therefore you won’t be able to open any B1 archive, even one that isn’t password-protected, without this utility. B1 encrypted archives appear to be more safe and secure than the usual zip files.

    In case you have more time and energy or want to provide an even higher level of protection for your files you can use TrueCrypt encryption software. It’s an open source encryption program with which you can create an encrypted file (the so called “virtual disk”) and keep all of your private files protected with a password.

    TrueCrypt is a bit harder to use than B1 Free Archiver, but it gives you the choice of encryption algorithms (in addition to AES it also offers Serpent, Twofish, etc) some of which deliver a higher level of reliability. But at the same time it also has its drawback as compared to encrypted zip files.

    In TrueCrypt you preset a precise volume of your encrypted file from the very beginning so a lot of space may be wasted before you fill it with data. The size of an encrypted zip file depends only on the data volume contained in it.

    5. Use an encrypted cloud service.

    There are some cloud services that provide local encryption and decryption of your files in addition to storage and backup. It means that the service takes care of both encrypting your files on your own computer and storing them safely on the cloud. Therefore, there is a bigger chance that this time no one — including service providers or server administrators — will have access to your files (the so called “zero-knowledge” privacy). Among such services are Spideroak and Wuala .

    Spideroak provides 2GB space for full featured backup, sync, share, access and storage for free. However, you’ll have to upgrade to Plus Plan for $10/monthly if you need more space. Wuala offers 5GB for free and paid accounts with the price depending on the amount of space you need.

    When choosing the best way of protecting your information keep in mind how valuable that information is to you and to what extent it is reasonable to protect it. Therefore, the first thing you should do is to define the level of privacy you need and thus a level of protection for it. If you do not actively use the Internet to work, even a two-step verification involving SMS with a code sent to your mobile phone may seem cumbersome, though most people who use email for sending business data appreciate this option.

    Not everyone is ready to pay for data to be stored, but if you use cloud storage for keeping corporate data, you’ll find paying for safe and secure data storage reasonable. So try to strike that delicate balance between the required level of protection and the time/effort/money spent on it.

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    A penetration test is done to evaluate the security of a computer system or network by simulating an attack by a malicious user / hacker. The process involves active exploitation of security vulnerabilities that may be present due to poor or improper system configuration, known and / or unknown hardware or software flaws, or operational weaknesses in process or design.

    This analysis is carried out from the position of a potential attacker, to determine feasibility of an attack and the resulting business impact of a successful exploit. Usually this is presented with recommendations for mitigation or a technical solution.

    About this workshop

    This workshop gives an in-depth perspective of penetration testing approach and methodology that covers all modern infrastructure, operating systems and application environments.

    This workshop is designed to teach security professionals the tools and techniques required to perform comprehensive information security assessment.

    Participants will learn how to design, secure and test networks to protect their organization from the threats hackers and crackers pose. This workshop will help participants to effectively identify and mitigate risks to the security of their organization s infrastructure.

    This 40 hour highly interactive workshop will help participants have hands on understanding and experience in Security Assessment.

    A proper understanding of Security Assessment is an important requirement to analyze the integrity of the IT infrastructure.

    Expertise in security assessment is an absolute requirement for a career in information security management and could be followed by management level certifications like CISA, CISSP, CISM, CRISC and ISO 27001.

    There are many reasons to understand Security Assessment:

    • Prepare yourself to handle penetration testing assignments with more clarity
    • Understand how to conduct Vulnerability Assessment
    • Expand your present knowledge of identifying threats and vulnerabilities
    • Bring security expertise to your current occupation
    • Become more marketable in a highly competitive environment

    Therefore this workshop will prepare you to handle VA / PT assignments and give you a better understanding of various security concepts and practices that will be of valuable use to you and your organization.

    This workshop will significantly benefit professionals responsible for security assessment of the network / IT infrastructure.

    • IS / IT Specialist / Analyst / Manager
    • IS / IT Auditor / Consultant
    • IT Operations Manager
    • Security Specialist / Analyst
    • Security Manager / Architect
    • Security Consultant / Professional
    • Security Officer / Engineer
    • Security Administrator
    • Security Auditor
    • Network Specialist / Analyst
    • Network Manager / Architect
    • Network Consultant / Professional
    • Network Administrator
    • Senior Systems Engineer
    • Systems Analyst
    • Systems Administrator

    Anyone aspiring for a career in Security Assessment would benefit from this workshop. The workshop is restricted to participants who have knowledge of ethical hacking countermeasures.

    The entire workshop is a combination of theory and hands-on sessions conducted in a dedicated ethical hacking lab environment.

    • The Need for Security Analysis
    • Advanced Googling
    • TCP/IP Packet Analysis
    • Advanced Sniffing Techniques
    • Vulnerability Analysis with Nessus
    • Advanced Wireless Testing
    • Designing a DMZ
    • Snort Analysis
    • Log Analysis
    • Advanced Exploits and Tools
    • Penetration Testing Methodologies
    • Customers and Legal Agreements
    • Rules of Engagement
    • Penetration Testing Planning and Scheduling
    • Pre Penetration Testing Checklist
    • Information Gathering
    • Vulnerability Analysis
    • External Penetration Testing
    • Internal Network Penetration Testing
    • Routers and Switches Penetration Testing
    • Firewall Penetration Testing
    • IDS Penetration Testing
    • Wireless Network Penetration Testing
    • Denial of Service Penetration Testing
    • Password Cracking Penetration Testing
    • Social Engineering Penetration Testing
    • Stolen Laptop, PDAs and Cell phones Penetration Testing
    • Application Penetration Testing
    • Physical Security Penetration Testing
    • Database Penetration testing
    • VoIP Penetration Testing
    • VPN Penetration Testing
    • War Dialing
    • Virus and Trojan Detection
    • Log Management Penetration Testing
    • File Integrity Checking
    • Blue Tooth and Hand held Device Penetration Testing
    • Telecommunication and Broadband Communication Penetration Testing
    • Email Security Penetration Testing
    • Security Patches Penetration Testing
    • Data Leakage Penetration Testing
    • Penetration Testing Deliverables and Conclusion
    • Penetration Testing Report and Documentation Writing
    • Penetration Testing Report Analysis
    • Post Testing Actions
    • Ethics of a Penetration Tester
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    Secure mail: Tutanota makes encrypted mails easy #web #secure #email


    Secure mail for everybody!

    Encryption made easy.

    Tutanota automatically encrypts all your data on your device. Your mails as well as your contacts stay private. You can easily communicate with any of your friends end-to-end encrypted. Even subject and attachments as well as all your contacts are encrypted. You can find details here .

    Open source and forever free.

    Secure mail – wherever you are.

    Simply access your secure mailbox with your favorite web browser from any device. You can also use our mobile apps for Android and iOS. Your password easily unlocks your private key and your encrypted information on any device simply by logging in to your Tutanota account.

    We focus on usability and security.

    Our design offers an open and roomy webmail service that is not cluttered with unnecessary features. We keep it that way by only developing what our users want most in regards to usability and security. All the encryption takes place automatically in Tutanota so that everybody is able to send secure messages.

    Your Tutanota account for business.

    Manage all secure mail accounts for your company or family with your own domain with Tutanota Premium. Access your encrypted mailbox via web, Android or iOS app. All data is stored in data centers in Germany.

    Freedom Fighters

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    Every day we fight for freedom and privacy. We strive to bring the most secure mail service to your device. Join our community and help us bring privacy to the world. It’s really easy!


    In Germany we were taught the value of privacy the hard way – think about Gestapo and Stasi. In our digital age all-round surveillance has become alarmingly easy. I write code to protect our private information from today s Orwellian threats.


    Every one of us has the right to express any idea freely, or to keep it secret. That’s how we’ve managed to build our democratic societies. As a citizen of a free democracy it is my obligation to protect my private information. Encryption is the only available key to keep my messages secret.


    In Germany we have a great traditional song: Our thoughts are free, who can guess them? No one. We as one of the few mail providers can t even read them. I fight for privacy because that’s the cornerstone of freedom and democracy. My information belongs to me.


    Freedom is a value that is shared among democracies around the world. To me freedom means that I can freely express myself, particularly in a private sphere. This includes that others cannot read my private emails. Actually, this should be a matter of course.


    My aim is to fight mass surveillance. I write code to fight for our human right to privacy. I want to create a secure mail service which is so easy to use and so secure that it locks out all the spies. We really deserve it.

    Office 365 Message Encryption #secure #email #portal


    Office 365 Message Encryption

    Deliver confidential business communications with enhanced security, allowing users to send and receive encrypted email as easily as regular email directly from their desktops. Customize the email viewing portal to enhance your organization’s brand. Email can be encrypted without complex hardware and software to purchase, configure, or maintain, which helps to minimize capital investment, free up IT resources, and mitigate messaging risks.

    Improve security and reliability

    Office 365 Message Encryption provides advanced security and reliability to help protect your information.

    • Send encrypted email messages to anyone, regardless of the recipient’s email address.
    • Provide strong, automated encryption with a cost-effective infrastructure.
    • Eliminate the need for certificates and use a recipient’s email address as the public key.
    • Communication through a TLS-enabled network further enhances message security.
    • Enhance the security of subsequent email responses by encrypting each message in the thread.

    Stay in control

    Office 365 Message Encryption helps keep your data safe, while allowing you to maintain control over your environment.

    • Easily set up encryption using the single action Exchange transport rules.
    • Protect sensitive information and data from leaving your gateway, consistently and automatically.
    • Policy-based encryption encrypts messages at the gateway based on policy rules.
    • Help manage compliance by leveraging the strong integration with data loss prevention.
    • Integrate with existing email infrastructure for minimal up-front capital investment.
    • Grow your organization’s brand by using custom branding text or disclaimers and a custom logo.

    A diagram showing the workflow through which Office 365 Message Encryption protects encrypted emails from being read by unauthorized users, while allowing straightforward access by authorized recipients.

    Easy to use and maintain

    It’s easier than ever to protect your organization’s email.

    • Easily navigate through the encrypted message with the clean Office 365 interface.
    • Encrypted email delivered directly to recipients’ inbox and not to a Web service.
    • Email decrypted and read with confidence. without installing client software.
    • Simplified user management that eliminates the need for certificate maintenance.
    • Encryption process is transparent to the sender. who does not need to do anything other than write and send the message as usual.

    Try Office 365 Message Encryption. This trial enables you to try Information Rights Management capabilities as well as the capabilities of Office 365 Message Encryption.

    How to buy Office 365 Message Encryption

    Office 365 Message Encryption requires the purchase of Microsoft Azure Rights Management, which is available for per user per month. For more details, see Microsoft Azure Rights Management.

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