Ssae 16 Type Ii #is #ssae #16 #needed,reports,reviewing #ssae #16,ssae #16,ssae #16 #audit #review,ssae #16 #review,ssae #16 #review #checklist,ssae #16 #reviews,ssae #review,ssae #reviews,ssae-18,ssae16,ssae16 #review,standards,third #party #ssae #guidance #review,who #is #required #to #have #a #ssae #16,who #is #required #to #have #ssae #16,why #get #ssae #16,audit #intensedebate,leave #a #reply: #name #(required): #website: #comments: #submit, #moderation,\’leave #a #reply\’ #\’name #(required)\’ #\’mail #(will #not #be #published) #(required)\’ #\’website\’ #it #services,controls,how #do #you #prepare #for #an #ssae #16 #audit,how #to #prepare #for #a #ssae #16,how #to #prepare #for #an #ssae #16 #audit,new #avenues #for #ssae #16,preparing #for #a #ssae #16,preparing #for #ssae #16,report #writing,ssae #16 #audit #preparation,ssae #16 #consulting #do #we #need,ssae #16 #preparation,ssae #16 #report,ssae #no. #16,example #soc #1 #report,soc #1,soc #1 #report,soc #1 #reports,soc #1 #type #2,soc #1 #type #2 #report,soc #1 #type #ii #report,soc #2,soc #3,soc #i,soc #report,soc #reporting,soc #type,soc #type #1 #report,soc-1 #report,soc1,soc1 #report,soc1 #reporting,soc1 #soc2,ssae #16 #reports,ssae #16 #soc #1,ssae16 #compliant #soc #1,system #and #organization #control #report,what #is #a #soc #1 #report,what #is #a #soc1 #report,what #is #ssae #16 #soc #1 #and #soc #2 #difference,at-c #320,cost,definition #soc #1 #ssae #16,how #ssea #16 #helps #auditors,prices,pricing,soc #1 #audit,ssae #16 #audit,ssae #16 #audit #checklist,ssae #16 #audit #report,ssae #16 #audit #requirements,ssae #16 #auditing #standard,ssae #16 #auditor,ssae #16 #checklist,ssae #16 #cost,ssae #16 #costs,ssae #16 #prices,ssae #17 #audit,ssae #18 #report,ssae #soc #auditing #and #reporting,ssae16 #audit,ssae16 #audit #report,ssae16 #checkilst,what #is #a #ssae #16 #audit,what #is #ssae #16 #audit,what #is #ssae16 #audit,what #is #the #purpose #of #a #ssae #16 #audit?


#

The SSAE 18 Reporting Standard SOC 1 SOC 2 SOC 3 Support and Guidance for SSAE18, SOC 1, SOC 2, and SOC 3 reporting standards

Some organizations have heard of SAS 70, SSAE 16. and soon to be SSAE 18. but, don t really know WHY they need to pay to have a bunch of auditors trounce through their company for a month or two during the year, especially right after their financial audit just finished.
The answer is simple: Many companies will not even think about using your company to perform services for them without a clean Type II Report in place.
Some benefits of having an SSAE 16 performed :

  • Ability to perform outsourcing services for Public Companies.
    • If performing financially significant duties for a Public Company, they are required to use a SSAE 16 qualified provider as it is the only way to give investors assurance over controls that are not performed by the Company in question.
  • Public and Private companies are more likely to trust your organization with their data.
    • If you were to trust a company with your data, you would want complete assurance it will be handled with the utmost care
  • A year round accessible knowledge source (your auditors).
    • As a service organization, large or small, you will always have questions regarding your business and having a set of auditors in place with access to a wide array of business knowledge, it will allow you to bounce your questions and concerns off of a group of trusted individuals.
  • A third party to review your controls and activities to ensure they are functioning appropriately, and give advice on how to improve upon them.
    • Sometimes your internal audit department is good, but, not always as stringent as they should be. This will help to serve as a check on their work, as well as your staff. Additionally, if there were any findings noted, your auditors are in a great position to give you some tricks and tips to improve to ensure everything functions well the following period.
  • Improving performance of the organization.
    • Just the knowledge that a review is being performed of an employee s work that can have far reaching consequences for the company as a whole. No more, Oh, I didn t realize that reviewing user access was THAT important to do this month, sorry , now, everyone knows that if it s not done, the success or failure of the organization could rest upon them.

Think of the SSAE 16 or SSAE-18 audit as an annual investment into your company, increasing potential new clients. productivity and accountability .

This tip is focused on designing controls that reflect the process being testing, if they don t, a headache of massive proportions will be created once testing begins.
What do you do to make sure you don t screw this up? Have as many meetings as it takes to get it right.
What you need to do is sit down with the auditors, the department lead, the main employees responsible for performing the process, and anyone else whom could either play a role in testing or modifying the control in the future. Once that is done, Management should discuss what they determined the control to be and how it should operate, that is then reviewed by the auditors, and then the employees performing the tasks should be reconsulted to verify that the control still reflects their process accurately.
Many times people try to speed this process up and half-ass it, leaving many open items which upon testing could easily blow up into a huge problem. When the control isn t 100% agreed upon prior to testing and a deviation is noted, it s a tough call between failing the control and the ability to adjust it to accurately reflect the process. The problem is modifying a control after testing has begun is not proper and needs to be avoided at all costs.
Locking the controls locked down early on could save weeks in wrapping up your new SSAE 16 Report.
We have seen issues like this cause delays in issuing of the report to the client and running additional fees, since adjusting controls isn t free. Coming from the perspective of the auditor, we can let you know the pitfalls, consequences and how to best navigate the audit process. If you have any comments or questions please leave them below!

A SOC 1 Report (System and Organization Controls Report ) is a report on Controls at a Service Organization which are relevant to user entities’ internal control over financial reporting. The SOC1 Report is what you would have previously considered to be the standard SAS70, complete with a Type I and Type II reports, but falls under the SSAE 16 guidance (and soon to be SSAE 18 ).

Please see the following articles discussing the SSAE 16 guidance and additional information related to the SOC 1 (Type I and Type II) Reports:

In addition to the SOC 1 report which is restricted to controls relevant to an audit of a user entity’s financial statements, the SOC 2 and SOC 3 reports have been created to address controls relevant to operations and compliance and will be discussed in further detail in the future.

Please see the SOC 1 Reporting Guide page for additional information.

SSAE 16 is an enhancement to the current standard for Reporting on Controls at a Service Organization, the SAS70. The changes made to the standard will bring your company, and the rest of the companies in the US, up to date with new international service organization reporting standards, the ISAE 3402. The adjustments made from SAS 70 to SSAE 16 will help you and your counterparts in the US compete on an international level; allowing companies around the world to give you their business with complete confidence .

SSAE16 is now effective as of June 15, 2011, and if you have not made the necessary adjustments required, now is the time to find a quality provider to discuss the proper steps. All organizations are now required to issue their Service Auditor Reports under the SSAE 16 standards in an SOC 1 Report.

The soon to be effective, SSAE-18. is expected to follow a similar reporting structure to the SSAE-16 within a SOC 1 report.

Who Needs an SSAE 16 (SOC 1 ) Audit?

If your Company (the Service Organization ) performs outsourced services that affect the financial statements of another Company (the User Organization ), you will more than likely be asked to provide an SSAE16 Type II Report, especially if the User Organization is publicly traded.
Some example industries include:

  • Payroll Processing
  • Loan Servicing
  • Data Center /Co-Location/Network Monitoring Services
  • Software as a Service (SaaS )
  • Medical Claims Processors

What you Need to Know:

Before starting the SSAE 16 process, there are a number of considerations one must take into account that can save considerable time, effort, and money in the long run. Use the following items as a mini checklist for yourself:

  • Does my Company need an SSAE16, or, are we doing it just because someone asked?
  • Reports on the low end can run at least $15,000 a year, will the business lost be less of a burden than the cost of the report itself?
  • Does your company have defined Business Process and IT controls in place, or, will you need assistance developing and implementing them (readiness assessment)?
  • Have you determined the controls in place which affect the outsourced services being provided?
  • Have key stakeholders been defined and included in discussions?

There are many other issues to consider before engaging a CPA firm to help with your SSAE 16, for a more detailed checklist please see The SSAE 16 Checklist

You may have heard SSAE-18 is on the horizon for reports issued as of May 1, 2017. There are some important updates discussed in here: SSAE-18 An Update to SSAE-16 .

As the standard is formalized and the date approaches we will continue to provide more information to help you prepare for these changes.


Nmap Online – Highly customizable scanning of network hosts #nmap,security,scanner,nmap #online,port #scan,network,pen-testing,audit,security #scan,firewall #test,ip #scanner,scan,portscan


#

This is your credit balance. Even if you are an anonymous user, you are given some credits to spend. Every IP address has its own account and it is provided with free credits that can be used to pay for Online Domain Tools services. Moreover, credit balance is reset every day. This is why we call them Daily Credits. Registered users have higher Daily Credits amounts and can even increase them by purchasing subscriptions.

Besides Daily Credits, all accounts, including IP address accounts of anonymous users, have their credit Wallet. Wallet credits are not reset on a daily basis, but they are only spent when a user has not enough Daily Credits. Registered users can buy credits to their wallets. All IP address accounts are created with an initial Wallet balance of 3.00. Once IP address account spends credits from its Wallet, it can not be charged again. This should allow new users to try most of Online Domain Tools services without registration.

Checkout ? #

The table in Checkout section clearly summarizes prices that are associated with options you choose in the tool’s form.

Your credit balance is displayed on the right side above the main menu. Even if you are an anonymous user, you are given some credits to spend. Every IP address has its own account and it is provided with free credits that can be used to pay for Online Domain Tools services. Moreover, credit balance is reset every day. This is why we call them Daily Credits. Accounts of registered users have higher Daily Credits amounts and can even increase them by purchasing subscriptions.

Besides Daily Credits, all accounts, including IP address accounts of anonymous users, have their credit Wallet. Wallet credits are not reset on a daily basis, but they are only spent when a user has not enough Daily Credits. Registered users can buy credits to their wallets. All IP address accounts are created with an initial Wallet balance of 3.00. Once IP address account spends credits from its Wallet, it can not be charged again. This should allow new users to try most of Online Domain Tools services without registration.

Examples #

See Also #

Description #

Nmap Online Scanner uses Nmap Security Scanner to perform scanning. It was designed to rapidly scan large networks, although it works fine with single hosts too. We suggest you to read the Nmap’s documentation. especially the Nmap Reference Guide. You can also be interested in some examples of the Nmap’s usage.

Nmap Online Scanner supports most of the functionality of Nmap Security Scanner. It can be used as a simple and fast port scanner. It can be used to get information about services that run on a computer in your network. Using Nmap Online Scanner you can discover running machines in your network and detect which operating system they are running on. It is also useful for testing firewall configurations. There are simply too many ways to use the Nmap scanner and the Nmap Online Scanner tool. This is why you should check the before-mentioned links to the documentation of Nmap, especially if it is the first time you are about to use Nmap Security Scanner or Nmap Online Scanner.

All questions related to the Nmap scanner should be sent to the authors of the Nmap scanner. not to the provider of Nmap Online Scanner. Similarly, all questions related to Nmap Online Scanner (i.e. this service and its interface) should be directed to the provider of Nmap Online Scanner, not to the authors of the Nmap scanner.

Usage #

Nmap Security Scanner is a very complex tool and this is why there are three different modes in Nmap Online Scanner. The first two modes are easy to use even for Nmap beginners. The Quick scan of your computer quickly scans the most known ports and gives you quick information about the ports and services accessible on your computer from the Internet. The Full Nmap scan of your computer is a mode in which Nmap Online Scanner scans a full range of ports that are specified within this option. This scan can take a while especially if you want to scan more than 10000 ports. The third mode is the Custom scan mode, which puts the whole power of the Nmap scanner into your hands. Although there are some limitations for security reasons, if your intentions are good you should be able to use the Nmap scanner for whatever you need. In the Custom mode you specify the arguments for the Nmap scanner yourself, similarly to what you would do if you were about to run Nmap Security Scanner from the command line shell.

The most common Nmap modes firstly try to use the host discovery feature and continue only if they detect that the target host is online. Many hosts, however, do not respond to ping requests and hence the required scan itself is not performed. In such a case the only result you get on the output is that the host seems to be down. If you are sure the host is up and you are only interested in the scan results and not the information about whether or not it responds to ping requests, we recommend you to use -Pn option right away. In case of Quick scan and Full Nmap scan modes it is not possible to add custom options, but by selecting one of these scanning modes the Custom scan arguments are modified and then you can select the Custom scan mode and add -Pn to the custom arguments.

The results will appear in your browser once they are ready. This can take some time, however. You can wait for the results with your browser opened or you can enable the Send email notification when the scan results are ready option. This option requires you to be a registered user and logged in before you start the scan. Once the results are ready, the notification will be sent to your email. You will receive a link to a web page containing your results. If you are logged in, you can also check your account’s Tasks History any time later to see results of all scans you executed.

Using the Time limit option, you can specify the maximum amount of time that your scan may take. The default value is 30 minutes and the cost for this time limit is included in the Basic price. You can set a higher limit up to 120 minutes for your task, but you will be charged for every extra 5 minutes over the default limit. Note that your final cost is counted from the actual execution time of your scan. At first, we debit your account with as many credits as it is needed to cover the maximal limit you set. Then after the task is completed we credit back unused credits if any. For example, if you have enough credits in your account, you can safely set the limit to 120 minutes, and if the actual scan takes only 43 minutes, you will be returned unused credits so that your final cost will be as if you set the limit to 45 minutes.

If you are interested in processing the output of your Nmap scan with a script or another tool, you can try to enable a special option Use structured (XML/JSON) output (useful for parsing exports). This will cause Nmap scanner to be started with additional -oX – parameter sequence, which produces XML output instead of the standard text output. Then you can either work with the output as you see it in your browser, or you can export the result to XML, JSON, or TXT format. To do this, use the blue Get Export icon. Note that if you choose JSON format of export, the XML output produced by Nmap scanner will be converted to JSON.

Limits #

You can scan IP addresses in the C class subnet of your IP only. For example, if your IP address is 89.176.14.234, you can scan addresses from 89.176.14.0 to 89.176.14.255. The only allowed syntax to specify IP address is a.b.c.d or a.b.c.d-e.

The Custom scan options can have up to 200 characters. For security reasons, the following Nmap options are disabled:

–adler32
–badsum
–excludefile
–iR
–ip-options
–packet-trace
–proxies
–resume
–script-help
–script-updatedb
–spoof-mac
–unprivileged
–webxml
-e
-i

–append-output
–datadir
–iL
–iflist
–log-errors
–privileged
–release-memory
–script-args-file
–script-trace
–servicedb
–stylesheet
–versiondb
-S
-f
-o

Scripts

Nmap Online Scanner allows to run Nmap scripts, yet, for security reasons not all scripts are installed. Please see the list of currently supported scripts: [Show ]

The value of –script option cannot contain a dot (.) character. This is not an issue when specifying scripts to be used since the extension “.nse” is optional.


Electronic colleges #education #verification, #degree #verification, #diploma #verification, #professional #certification #verification, #enrollment #verification, #transcript #services, #federal #student #aid #compliance, #federal #enrollment #reporting, #gainful #employment #reporting, #higher #education #reporting #services, #educational #research, #student #outcomes #research, #college #enrollment #trend #statistics, #college #persistence #trend #statistics, #degreeverify, #enrollmentverify, #studenttracker, #student #self-service, #student #self #service, #loanlocator, #loan #locator, #meteor #network, #meteor, #transcript #services, #transcript #ordering, #electronic #transcript #exchange, #student #loan #tracking, #national #student #clearinghouse, #clearinghouse, #clearinghouse #academy, #audit #resource #center, #research #center, #signature #reports


#

Colleges Universities

Free and Low-Cost Services for Your Institution

Through the years, the Clearinghouse has regularly been approached by institutions to expand our services to meet their growing compliance, administrative, student access, accountability, and analytical needs. As a result, our service line now comprises four areas:

Transcript Ordering : A free service for your college that lets your students and alumni order transcripts online 24/7 and offers the convenience of immediate, secure electronic delivery.

Electronic Transcript Exchange : A simple, secure, and easy way for you and your trading partners to send and receive an unlimited number of transcripts via our secure network at no cost.

SPEEDE Server. Free, secure electronic data exchanges for your institution and its solutions providers.

Reverse Transfer. National automated platform for exchanging course and grade data to enable eligible students to receive associate degrees.

Enrollment Reporting. Financial aid student enrollment verifications and deferments provided on your behalf to lending organizations and NSLDS.

Gainful Employment Reporting. Submission of your Gainful Employment reports to ED.

Meteor . The nation’s only real-time loan tracking and debt management tool.

Audit Resource Center. Guidance, assistance, and tools for audits.

StudentTracker . Allows you to research postsecondary enrollment and degree records to improve your educational research results and enrollment management efforts. Ask your Clearinghouse rep how you can qualify for free StudentTracker.

StudentTracker for Outreach. Enables outreach program administrators to accurately track the postsecondary enrollment and degrees of their program participants.

Free Research Reports. Our Research Center publishes reports on student pathways, student outcomes, and enrollment trends throughout the year. You can read all of our free research reports at http://nscresearchcenter.org.

DegreeVerify : Frees your staff from manually verifying degrees for employers, background search firms, and recruiters.

EnrollmentVerify : Provides instant enrollment verifications 24/7 so your students can quickly qualify for valuable discounts.

Student Self-Service : Lets your students perform a wide range of online enrollment verification and other activities. Free with DegreeVerify and EnrollmentVerify.

HOW CLEARINGHOUSE
SERVICES WORK TOGETHER


Los Angeles Tax Services – Whittier IRS Tax Debt Relief – Mike Habib #los #angeles #tax #services, #irs #tax #help, #tax #debt #relief, #back #taxes #help, #irs #audit #representation, #licensed #tax #power #of #attorney, #tax #controversy #help, #payroll #tax #problems, #tax #problem #resolution #services.


#

Los Angeles Tax Services

Mike Habib is an IRS licensed enrolled agent providing Los Angeles tax services can help you Get Tax Relief IRS Debt Relief by solving your IRS problems. Mike Habib will personally handle represent your tax problems and negotiate your tax settlements unpaid back taxes with the IRS. Mike Habib, EA has an excellent A+ Better Business Bureau (BBB) rating which is very rare in this industry and which speaks of the quality of his tax relief services by itself.

Tax Relief and IRS problem resolution is Mike’s specialty. Mike Habib is an IRS licensed Tax Power of Attorney and helps taxpayers Nationwide as a tax representative to negotiate with the IRS and State Tax Agencies on your behalf. Providing IRS Tax Relief and state tax relief for individuals and businesses in need is Mike’s mission

Tax Debt Relief IRS Tax Help services by Power of Attorney Mike Habib

  • Provide IRS Tax Debt Relief by working with the IRS to file for an IRS Offer in compromise (OIC). eliminate tax penalties, file Unfiled Tax Returns. get a payment plan for back taxes etc.
  • Get professional IRS Tax Audit Representation Tax Audit Help or State Sales Use tax audit representation. and release IRS tax levies and IRS tax liens etc.
  • Stop Wage Garnishment Wage Levy Don t let the IRS cut a part of your pay check. Before the IRS starts garnishing a part of your wages, take action.
  • Stop IRS Levy Problems, IRS Lien Problems Release Bank Levy
  • Resolve 941/Payroll Tax Problem – Work with employers who have not paid their Payroll Taxes and owe 940/941 taxes to the IRS.

Tax Power of Attorney Mike Habib s firm can handle them represent your tax problem aggressively with the IRS at a very modest fee.

Get Tax Debt Relief Resolve Your Tax Problems.
Call Today! 1-877-78-TAXES or 1-877-788-2937

So let the Los Angeles tax services at Mike Habib, EA negotiate an IRS Tax Settlement for you, stop an IRS Wage Levy, Wage Garnishment that needs release, or an IRS Bank Levy that needs release, an IRS federal tax lien that needs release.

IRS problems do not go away unless you take action!

There are 2 things you need to understand.

  • There is a solution to your IRS problem. IRS provides ways means to deal with your unsettled back taxes.
  • Procrastination waiting for the IRS to contact you is not the solution. In fact that may go against you may result into a Wage Garnishment, Bank Levy etc. imposed by the IRS.

To Resolve your IRS Problems, the first step is to stop procrastinating and running. Take action today before the IRS does! Hire someone who is qualified and has the experience to help you solve IRS problems. Many people try to handle their IRS problems themselves, resulting in frustration and negative results. Mike is an IRS licensed representative and can handle each client’s tax problem personally and attempt to successfully negotiate the best possible solution for you. Mike can help you eliminate your tax penalties, file Unfiled Returns. get a payment plan for back taxes, release tax levies, and get an Offer in Compromise.

What do our Los Angeles Tax Services include?

Mike Habib, EA provides full range of tax debt relief and tax controversy services related to whatever your IRS issues may be, including

  • Pre-examination audit readiness analysis
  • Examination planning and representation
  • Tax Appeals representation
  • Tax litigation support
  • IRS service center matters
  • IRS penalty and interest computations
  • Compliance matters involving information reporting and withholding

With our in-depth knowledge of IRS practice and procedure, we can help clients efficiently resolve difficult IRS tax matters.

If you have received an “Intent to Levy” letter or a “Notice of Levy” letter from the IRS then you cannot afford to wait any longer! Do something to resolve your tax debt. It makes far more sense, and will probably be less costly in the long run, to resolve your problem with the IRS now, rather than dealing with the potential embarrassment and financial burden of having your employer garnish and levy your wage paycheck or your bank levy and freeze your bank account after receiving an IRS levy order to withhold funds from your bank account or your paycheck.

Professional Tax Representation is a very powerful tool you should use to “even the odds” when you need to Resolve your IRS problem. As you may have experienced, IRS agents can be very intimidating, even bullying, when they are making demands on you, the taxpayer. They tend to be less forceful and more reasonable when they must address themselves to a Licensed Representative, such as an Enrolled Agent (EA) Certified Public Accountant (CPA) or a Tax Attorney/Lawyer.

We provide services in all 50 states including Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.

Call Mike Habib,EA directly to discuss your Tax Problems!
From 8:00am to 8:00pm 7 days a week at 1-877-78-TAXES

13215 Penn St
#329

Whittier. CA 90602

Telephone: 562-204-6700 Toll Free: 877-788-2937 Fax: 562-265-8622

We provide services in all 50 states including Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.

Los Angeles Tax Services – Whittier IRS Tax Debt Relief – Mike Habib


San Diego Tax Attorneys – Business Legal #law #firm, #law #office, #legal #advice, #lawyer, #attorney, #orange #county, #irs #audit, #san #diego, #tax


#

San Diego Tax Attorneys And Business Law

California Tax and IRS Attorneys

Allen Barron, Inc. provides holistic tax, accounting, business, financial and management advisory services to individuals and businesses located throughout Southern California and around the world. Janathan L. Allen, APC provides legal advice and representation to a varied domestic and international clientele. Our San Diego based tax attorneys advise on all issues related to offshore accounts and investments. FBAR and FATCA compliance. as well as collections issues with the IRS and California s taxation agencies. We support US taxpayers on all issues with the Internal Revenue Service including IRS audits. audit appeals. tax controversies, IRS levies. garnishments and liens.

We represent taxpayers before all California state agencies including the California Franchise Tax Board or FTB, the Employment Development Department or EDD, and the Board of Equalization or BOE.

Business Attorneys, Counselors and Advisory Services

Our business and legal services cover every aspect of a business life cycle from formation, through employment contracts and agreements, business contracts. mergers and acquisitions, business succession planning. disputes and ultimately the sale of a company or business interest.

Our estate planning attorneys work with simple to complex trusts. and provide legal strategies to protect assets and wealth, while minimizing exposure to taxation. We ensure that you have access to the assets you need, while planning and structuring trusts to ensure preservation of some assets upon the passing of a spouse, while providing for the surviving spouse. Ultimately, most trusts are designed to ensure that assets are protected and passed to your beneficiaries and heirs.

Allen Barron, Inc. and Janathan L. Allen, APC form a single trusted source of direction for our clients. Together, we offer practical guidance to entrepreneurs, corporations, families and individuals. Our services include:

  • Comprehensive tax planning that keeps the future in the forefront
  • Resolution of tax problems. such as IRS audits and tax controversies, through deliberate, decisive legal representation
  • Business advisory services that can redefine, redirect and revitalize what you are building
  • Full-service accounting that helps clients understand and learn from numbers

We are known for being pragmatic, intelligent and thorough. We engender new thinking. We are here to help you protect your interests and pursue the outcomes you want.

Our business and legal services cover every aspect of a business life cycle from formation, through employment contracts and agreements, business contracts, mergers and acquisitions, business succession planning. disputes and ultimately the sale of a company or business interest.

Our estate planning attorneys work with simple to complex trusts. and provide legal strategies to protect assets and wealth, while minimizing exposure to taxation. We ensure that you have access to the assets you need, while planning and structuring trusts to ensure preservation of some assets upon the passing of a spouse, while providing for the surviving spouse. Ultimately, most trusts are designed to ensure that assets are protected and passed to your beneficiaries and heirs.

Read Our Client Reviews or Leave a Review for Allen Barron

Allen Barron Selected as Best of North Inland 2017 Accounting and Tax Preparation

Allen Barron has been selected as a Best of North Inland 2017 for Accounting and Tax Preparation by the 2017 Pomerado News readers poll.

Janathan Allen Named to Chamber Board of Directors

Congratulations to Janathan Allen, who has been named to the North San Diego Business Chamber s Board of Directors for 2017-2018.

We Offer A Free Initial Consultation Contact San Diego Tax Attorneys, Business and Accounting Experts

Seeking a tax lawyer or business adviser in San Diego, Orange County, Los Angeles or elsewhere in Southern California? Contact us for a free consultation or call 866-631-3470. Our clients value insight and informed answers on a variety of issues from several perspectives that help their business to grow and succeed. Each aspect of your business affects other operations or financial performances throughout the organization. With Allen Barron, you no longer have to seek the advice of 3 or 4 separate professionals. We simplify the process and provide expert counsel and services while offering greater efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

Visit our News and Events page for information about and to RSVP for our upcoming seminars

The content of this website has been prepared by Janathan L. Allen, APC for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice or tax advice. The content on this website does not create or constitute an attorney-client relationship, and readers should not act upon it without the advice of an attorney, tax attorney or legal counsel. Do not rely on published legal and tax law information as a substitute for consultation with an attorney, tax attorney, CPA and/or other professional advisors. Information contained in this website may be considered advertising. Links to websites or web pages operated by third parties are provided solely as a convenience to you. Such linked sites are not under our control and we are not responsible for the contents of any linked site or any link contained in a linked site. We make no representation or warranty and assume no liability or responsibility for other websites or web pages and/or their content.

  • Download our Complimentary Guide to IRS Audits


  • Oracle Basic Database Audit #oracle #internals, #oracle #basic #database #audit


    #

    Oracle Basic Audit

    How to see the database audit.

    SELECT * FROM dba_audit_trail;

    As a view this could be rootkitted therefore better to get the data from the underlying base table which is SYS.AUD$

    SELECT userid, action#, STATEMENT, OBJ$NAME, To_Char (timestamp#, ‘mm/dd/yyyy hh24:mi:ss’)
    FROM sys.aud$ ORDER BY timestamp# asc;

    Need to find out the actions and statement numbers from a separate table to make sense of the output.

    SELECT * from AUDIT_ACTIONS;

    Oracle logging is done to the Database SYS.AUD$ though by default auditing is switched off except for mandatory auditing which is the shutdown, startup and SYS logons which are logged to the OS in this directory by default:

    Basic database auditing using the DB_EXTENDED setting can be quite useful as it allows the capture of SQL commands issued by users of the database. This is better than redo which only captures the changes to the data not the actual SQL entered. This is how to capture the actual SQL ran by users.

    SQL show user
    USER is SYS
    SQL ALTER SYSTEM SET audit_trail=DB_EXTENDED SCOPE=SPFILE;
    System altered.
    SQL show parameter audit_trail;

    Need to restart!
    SQL shutdown immediate;
    Database closed.
    Database dismounted.
    ORACLE instance shut down.
    SQL exit

    SQL audit select on dba_users by access whenever not successful;
    Audit succeeded.
    SQL select * from sys.aud$;
    no rows selected

    SQL select * from user_role_privs;

    USERNAME GRANTED_ROLE ADM DEF OS_
    —————————— —————————— — — —
    SCOTT CONNECT NO YES NO
    SCOTT PUBLIC NO YES NO
    SCOTT RESOURCE NO YES NO

    SQL select username, password from dba_users;

    select username, password from dba_users

    ERROR at line 1:

    ORA-00942: table or view does not exist

    SQL desc sys.aud$;
    Name Null? Type
    —————————————– ——– —————————-
    SESSIONID NOT NULL NUMBER
    ENTRYID NOT NULL NUMBER
    STATEMENT NOT NULL NUMBER
    TIMESTAMP# DATE
    USERID VARCHAR2(30)
    USERHOST VARCHAR2(128)
    TERMINAL VARCHAR2(255)
    ACTION# NOT NULL NUMBER
    RETURNCODE NOT NULL NUMBER
    OBJ$CREATOR VARCHAR2(30)
    OBJ$NAME VARCHAR2(128)
    AUTH$PRIVILEGES VARCHAR2(16)
    AUTH$GRANTEE VARCHAR2(30)
    NEW$OWNER VARCHAR2(30)
    NEW$NAME VARCHAR2(128)
    SES$ACTIONS VARCHAR2(19)
    SES$TID NUMBER
    LOGOFF$LREAD NUMBER
    LOGOFF$PREAD NUMBER
    LOGOFF$LWRITE NUMBER
    LOGOFF$DEAD NUMBER
    LOGOFF$TIME DATE
    COMMENT$TEXT VARCHAR2(4000)
    CLIENTID VARCHAR2(64)
    SPARE1 VARCHAR2(255)
    SPARE2 NUMBER
    OBJ$LABEL RAW(255)
    SES$LABEL RAW(255)
    PRIV$USED NUMBER
    SESSIONCPU NUMBER
    NTIMESTAMP# TIMESTAMP(6)
    PROXY$SID NUMBER
    USER$GUID VARCHAR2(32)
    INSTANCE# NUMBER
    PROCESS# VARCHAR2(16)
    XID RAW(8)
    AUDITID VARCHAR2(64)
    SCN NUMBER
    DBID NUMBER
    SQLBIND CLOB
    SQLTEXT CLOB

    Now the auditor can select the actual SQL ran by the user.

    SQL select sqltext from sys.aud$;

    The extra audit information recorded using Extended database audit would be very useful to an Oracle forensics incident handler trying to deal with a hacked server. However Extend audit is quite a performance intensive way to audit. In fact many DBA?s will not use audit at all due to the performance hit. This is why basic audit is currently disabled by default, by Oracle in 10g. 11g is planned to have audit switched on by default and the performance disadvantage has been greatly reduced. This means that Extended audit could be recorded which would be very useful especially if it was archived and then referred back to in the case of either a suspected incident or the disclosure of a new vulnerability so that access to this vulnerability could be backtracked. One problem is that database audit is insecure as it is easy to delete by a user with DBA privileges given that the audit trail is simply a table in that database. This is why many DBA?s log to the OS as it is more difficult to get to from the DB. Oracle will always Audit privileged connections and startup/shutdowns to the OS which is often called Mandatory Audit. However the attacker who has gained DBA could still use UTL_FILE to delete the OS based logs as described in the previous sections.

    It would be preferable to be able to send audit to a separate log host that could NOT be accessed using the Oracle DBA credentials which may have been gained by the attacker. The need for a separate party to validate data in the DB is echoed by this paper describing a digital notarization service and the concerns over timestamp integrity.

    This paper is very interesting. A step in this direction would be Oracle audit logged to a separate log host where it can be correlated with all the other logs. This is the subject of the section 6.6 and is at the heart of a secure architecture. The last of the four core technical tasks during a forensic investigation is.

    This is an excerpt from the book Oracle Forensics: Oracle Security Best Practices , by Paul M. Wright, the father of Oracle Forensics.

    Burleson is the American Team

    Note: This Oracle documentation was created as a support and Oracle training reference for use by our DBA performance tuning consulting professionals. Feel free to ask questions on our Oracle forum .

    Verifyexperience!Anyone considering using the services of an Oracle support expert should independently investigate their credentials and experience, and not rely on advertisements and self-proclaimed expertise. All legitimate Oracle experts publish their Oracle qualifications .

    Errata? Oracle technology is changing and we strive to update our BC Oracle support information. If you find an error or have a suggestion for improving our content, we would appreciate your feedback. Just e-mail: and include the URL for the page.


    The Oracle of Database Support

    Copyright 1996 – 2016

    All rights reserved by Burleson

    Oracle is the registered trademark of Oracle Corporation.